Etymology 1Edit

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂g- (to seep drip), source of Ancient Greek στάζω (stázō, to drip), with different ablaut grade. Conversely, possibly related to Ancient Greek τέναγος (ténagos).



stāgnum n (genitive stāgnī); second declension

  1. pond, swamp, fen; any piece of standing water
  2. (poetic) waters
  3. (poetic) any pool or lake in general
    Stāgnum ignis.
    A lake of fire.

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative stāgnum stāgna
Genitive stāgnī stāgnōrum
Dative stāgnō stāgnīs
Accusative stāgnum stāgna
Ablative stāgnō stāgnīs
Vocative stāgnum stāgna
Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • Catalan: estany
  • Italian: stagno
  • Occitan: estanh
  • Spanish: estanque
  • Portuguese: estanque

Etymology 2Edit


stagnum n (genitive stagnī); second declension

  1. Alternative form of stannum

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative stagnum stagna
Genitive stagnī stagnōrum
Dative stagnō stagnīs
Accusative stagnum stagna
Ablative stagnō stagnīs
Vocative stagnum stagna
Usage notesEdit

The use of the spelling stagnum as a form of stannum (tin) is unattested before Pliny. Some analyses suspect a Gaulish interference may have caused the rise of this alternate form.[1]


  1. ^ Rey, Alain. Dictionnaire historique de la langue française. Page 829.
  • stagnum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stagnum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stagnum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • stagnum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • running water: aqua viva, profluens (opp. stagnum)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “stāgnum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 585