See also: Lake, Lãke, läke, and lakë

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
A mountain lake

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English lake(lake, watercourse, body of water), from Old English lacu(lake, pond, pool, stream, watercourse), from Proto-Germanic *lakō, *lōkiz(stream, pool, water aggregation", originally "ditch, drainage, seep), from Proto-Germanic *lekaną(to leak, drain), from Proto-Indo-European *leg-, *leǵ-(to leak). Cognate with Scots lake(pond, pool, flowing water of a stream), Dutch laak(lake, pond, stream), German Low German Lake, Laak(pooled water; puddle), German Lache(pool, puddle), Faroese løkur(stream, brook, flow), Icelandic lækur(stream, brook, flow). See also leak, leach.

Despite their similarity in form and meaning, English lake is not related to Latin lacus(hollow, lake, pond), Scottish Gaelic loch(lake), Ancient Greek λάκκος(lákkos, waterhole, tank, pond, pit), all from Proto-Indo-European *lakʷ-(lake, pool). Instead, this root is represented by Old English lagu(sea, flood, water, ocean), through Proto-Germanic *laguz, *lahō(sea, water), perhaps related to Albanian lag(to water, make wet, moisturize). See lay.

NounEdit

lake ‎(plural lakes)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) A small stream of running water; a channel for water; a drain.
  2. A large, landlocked stretch of water.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.
  3. A large amount of liquid; as, a wine lake.
    • 1991, Robert DeNiro (actor), Backdraft:
      So you punched out a window for ventilation. Was that before or after you noticed you were standing in a lake of gasoline?
Usage notesEdit

As with the names of rivers, mounts and mountains, the names of lakes are typically formed by adding the word before or after the unique term: Lake Titicaca or Great Slave Lake. Generally speaking, names formed using adjectives or attributives see lake added to the end, as with Reindeer Lake; lake is usually added before proper names, as with Lake Michigan. This derives from the earlier but now uncommon form lake of ~: for instance, the 19th-century Lake of Annecy is now usually simply Lake Annecy. It frequently occurs, however, that foreign placenames are misunderstood as proper nouns, as with the Chinese Taihu(Great Lake) and Qinghai(Blue Sea) being frequently rendered as Lake Tai and Qinghai Lake.

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • Astell, Ann W. (1999) Political Allegory in Late Medieval England, Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-3560-7, page 192.
  • Cameron, Kenneth (1961) English Place Names, B. T. Batsford Limited, ISBN 978-0-416-27990-0, page 164.
  • Ferguson, Robert (1858) English Surnames: And their Place in the Teutonic Family, G. Routledge & Co., page 368.
  • Maetzner, Eduard Adolf Ferdinand (2009) An English Grammar; Methodical, Analytical, and Historical, BiblioBazaar, LLC, ISBN 978-1-113-14996-1, page 200.
  • Rissanen, Matti (1992) History of Englishes: New Methods and Interpretations in Historical Linguistics, Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 978-3-11-013216-8, pages 513–514.
  • Sisam, Kenneth (2009) Fourteenth Century Verse and Prose, BiblioBazaar, ISBN 978-1-110-73080-3.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English lake, lak, lac (also loke, laik, layke), from Old English lāc(play, sport, strife, battle, sacrifice, offering, gift, present, booty, message), from Proto-Germanic *laiką(play, fight), *laikaz(game, dance, hymn, sport), from Proto-Indo-European *loig-, *leig-(to bounce, shake, tremble). Cognate with Old High German leih(song, melody, music) and Albanian luaj(I move, play). More at lay.

NounEdit

 
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lake ‎(plural lakes)

  1. (obsolete) An offering, sacrifice, gift.
  2. (dialectal) Play; sport; game; fun; glee.
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

lake ‎(third-person singular simple present lakes, present participle laking, simple past and past participle laked)

  1. (obsolete) To present an offering.
  2. (chiefly dialectal) To leap, jump, exert oneself, play.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English lake, from Old English *lacen or Middle Dutch laken; both from Proto-Germanic *lakaną(linen; cloth; sheet). Cognate with Dutch lake(linen), Dutch laken(linen; bedsheet), German Laken, Danish lagan, Swedish lakan, Icelandic lak, lakan.

NounEdit

lake ‎(plural lakes)

  1. (obsolete) A kind of fine, white linen.

Etymology 4Edit

From French laque(lacquer), from Persian لاک(lāk), from Hindi lakh(lakh), from Sanskrit laksha(laksha, one hundred thousand), referring to the number of insects that gather on the trees and make the resin seep out.

NounEdit

lake ‎(plural lakes)

  1. In dyeing and painting, an often fugitive crimson or vermillion pigment derived from an organic colorant (cochineal or madder, for example) and an inorganic, generally metallic mordant.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

lake ‎(third-person singular simple present lakes, present participle laking, simple past and past participle laked)

  1. To make lake-red.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lake

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of laken

AnagramsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1Edit

From Low German lake

NounEdit

lake m ‎(definite singular laken, indefinite plural laker, definite plural lakene)

  1. (preservative) pickle, brine
 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse laki

NounEdit

lake m ‎(definite singular laken, indefinite plural laker, definite plural lakene)

  1. (fish) burbot, eelpout (genus Lota lota)

Etymology 3Edit

As for Etymology 1.

VerbEdit

lake

  1. to pickle, put in brine

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1Edit

From Low German lake

NounEdit

lake m ‎(definite singular laken, indefinite plural lakar, definite plural lakane)

  1. (preservative) pickle, brine
 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse laki

NounEdit

lake m ‎(definite singular laken, indefinite plural lakar, definite plural lakane)

  1. (fish) burbot, eelpout (genus Lota lota)

Etymology 3Edit

As for Etymology 1.

VerbEdit

lake

  1. to pickle, put in brine

ReferencesEdit


SwahiliEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lake

  1. Ji class inflected form of -ake.

SwedishEdit

 
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

NounEdit

lake c

  1. burbot (a freshwater fish: Lota lota)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of lake 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lake laken lakar lakarna
Genitive lakes lakens lakars lakarnas