See also: Lake, Lãke, lakë, lakę, and łąkę

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) enPR: lāk, IPA(key): /leɪk/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪk

Etymology 1Edit

 
A mountain lake.

Arose from a contamination of the form of inherited Middle English lake (small stream of running water, pool, lake) with Middle English lac (lake), from Old French lac (lake) or Latin lacus (lake, basin, tank). The former, lake (stream, pool, lake), is inherited from Old English lacu (stream, pool, expanse of water, lake), from Proto-West Germanic *laku, from Proto-Germanic *lakō (stream, pool, water aggregation), ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *leg- (to leak, drain). It is related to Dutch laak (stream, drainage ditch, pond), German Low German Lake, Laak (drainage, marshland), German Lache (puddle), Icelandic lækur (stream).[1]

Despite their similarity in form and meaning, the word is not related to English lay (lake), Latin lacus (hollow, lake, pond), Scottish Gaelic loch (lake), Ancient Greek λάκκος (lákkos, waterhole, tank, pond, pit), all from Proto-Indo-European *lókus, *l̥kwés (lake, pool).[2]

NounEdit

lake (plural lakes)

  1. A large, landlocked stretch of water.
  2. A large amount of liquid; as, a wine lake.
    • 1991, Robert DeNiro (actor), Backdraft:
      So you punched out a window for ventilation. Was that before or after you noticed you were standing in a lake of gasoline?
  3. (now chiefly dialectal) A small stream of running water; a channel for water; a drain.
  4. (obsolete) A pit, or ditch.

Usage notesEdit

As with the names of rivers, mounts and mountains, the names of lakes are typically formed by adding the word before or after the unique term: Lake Titicaca or Great Slave Lake. Generally speaking, names formed using adjectives or attributives see lake added to the end, as with Reindeer Lake; lake is usually added before proper names, as with Lake Michigan. This derives from the earlier but now uncommon form lake of ~: for instance, the 19th-century Lake of Annecy is now usually simply Lake Annecy. It frequently occurs, however, that foreign placenames are misunderstood as proper nouns, as with the Chinese Taihu (Great Lake) and Qinghai (Blue Sea) being frequently rendered as Lake Tai and Qinghai Lake.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Astell, Ann W. (1999) Political Allegory in Late Medieval England, Cornell University Press, →ISBN, page 192.
  • Cameron, Kenneth (1961) English Place Names, B. T. Batsford Limited, →ISBN, page 164.
  • Ferguson, Robert (1858) English Surnames: And their Place in the Teutonic Family, G. Routledge & Co., page 368.
  • Maetzner, Eduard Adolf Ferdinand (2009) An English Grammar; Methodical, Analytical, and Historical, BiblioBazaar, LLC, →ISBN, page 200.
  • Rissanen, Matti (1992) History of Englishes: New Methods and Interpretations in Historical Linguistics, Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, pages 513–514.
  • Sisam, Kenneth (2009) Fourteenth Century Verse and Prose, BiblioBazaar, →ISBN.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English lake, lak, lac (also loke, laik, layke), from Old English lāc (play, sport, strife, battle, sacrifice, offering, gift, present, booty, message), from Proto-Germanic *laiką (play, fight), *laikaz (game, dance, hymn, sport), from Proto-Indo-European *leyg-, *loig-, *leig- (to bounce, shake, tremble). Cognate with Old High German leih (song, melody, music). Verb form partly from Middle English laken, from Old English lacan, from Proto-Germanic *laikaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leyg-. More at lay, -lock.

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

lake (plural lakes)

  1. (obsolete) An offering, sacrifice, gift.
  2. (dialectal) Play; sport; game; fun; glee.

Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

lake (third-person singular simple present lakes, present participle laking, simple past and past participle laked)

  1. (obsolete) To present an offering.
  2. (chiefly dialectal) To leap, jump, exert oneself, play.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English lake, from Old English *lacen or Middle Dutch laken; both from Proto-Germanic *lakaną (linen; cloth; sheet). Cognate with Dutch lake (linen), Dutch laken (linen; bedsheet), German Laken, Danish lagan, Swedish lakan, Icelandic lak, lakan.

NounEdit

lake (plural lakes)

  1. (obsolete) A kind of fine, white linen.

Etymology 4Edit

From French laque (lacquer), from Persian لاک(lâk), from Hindi लाख (lākh), from Sanskrit लक्ष (lakṣa, one hundred thousand), referring to the number of insects that gather on the trees and make the resin seep out. Doublet of lakh.

NounEdit

lake (plural lakes)

  1. In dyeing and painting, an often fugitive crimson or vermillion pigment derived from an organic colorant (cochineal or madder, for example) and an inorganic, generally metallic mordant.
  2. In the composition of colors for use in products intended for human consumption, made by extending on a substratum of alumina, a salt prepared from one of the certified water-soluble straight colors.
    For example, the name of a lake prepared by extending the aluminum salt prepared from FD&C Blue No. 1 upon the substratum would be FD&C Blue No. 1--Aluminum Lake.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

lake (third-person singular simple present lakes, present participle laking, simple past and past participle laked)

  1. To make lake-red.

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ lake, n.3.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2021.
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “Lagu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lake

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of laken

AnagramsEdit


Mauritian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French queue

NounEdit

lake

  1. tail
  2. queue

ReferencesEdit

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. 1987. Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1Edit

From Low German lake

NounEdit

lake m (definite singular laken, indefinite plural laker, definite plural lakene)

  1. (preservative) pickle, brine

Etymology 2Edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

From Old Norse laki

NounEdit

lake m (definite singular laken, indefinite plural laker, definite plural lakene)

  1. (fish) burbot, eelpout (species Lota lota)

Etymology 3Edit

As for Etymology 1.

VerbEdit

lake

  1. to pickle, put in brine

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1Edit

From Low German lake

NounEdit

lake m (definite singular laken, indefinite plural lakar, definite plural lakane)

  1. (preservative) pickle, brine

Etymology 2Edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

From Old Norse laki

NounEdit

lake m (definite singular laken, indefinite plural lakar, definite plural lakane)

  1. (fish) burbot, eelpout (species Lota lota)

Etymology 3Edit

As for Etymology 1.

VerbEdit

lake

  1. to pickle, put in brine

ReferencesEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lake

  1. inflection of lak:
    1. masculine accusative plural
    2. feminine genitive singular
    3. feminine nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Seychellois CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French queue

NounEdit

lake

  1. tail
  2. queue

ReferencesEdit

  • Danielle D’Offay et Guy Lionnet, Diksyonner Kreol - Franse / Dictionnaire Créole Seychellois - Français

SwahiliEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lake

  1. Ji class inflected form of -ake.

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German lâke (brine; standing water), from Old Saxon *laca, from Proto-West Germanic *laku (steam, pool).[1][2]

NounEdit

lake c

  1. brine
DeclensionEdit
Declension of lake 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lake laken lakar lakarna
Genitive lakes lakens lakars lakarnas

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hellquist, Elof (1922), “1. lake”, in Svensk etymologisk ordbok [Swedish etymological dictionary] (in Swedish), Lund: C. W. K. Gleerups förlag, page 394
  2. ^ lake”, in Svenska Akademiens ordbok [Swedish Academy Dictionary][1] (in Swedish), 1937

Etymology 2Edit

 
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

From Old Norse laki.[1][2]

NounEdit

lake c

  1. burbot (Lota lota spp.)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of lake 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lake laken lakar lakarna
Genitive lakes lakens lakars lakarnas

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hellquist, Elof (1922), “2. lake”, in Svensk etymologisk ordbok [Swedish etymological dictionary] (in Swedish), Lund: C. W. K. Gleerups förlag, pages 394-395
  2. ^ lake”, in Svenska Akademiens ordbok [Swedish Academy Dictionary][2] (in Swedish), 1937

AnagramsEdit