Calque of German starkes Verb, equivalent to strong + verb.
strong verb (plural strong verbs)
- (grammar) Any of a class of Germanic verbs which use ablaut as opposed to a dental affix to indicate tense.
1850, William Chauncey Fowler, English Grammar: The English Language in Its Elements and Forms, New York: Harper & Brothers, OCLC 9435499, page 280:
CONJUGATION OF THE STRONG VERB "TO TAKE" (Commonly called Irregular.) [...] Present, Take. Past, Took. Perf. Part. Taken.
- (grammar) Any of a subset of English irregular verbs which lack the addition of a dental affix to indicate the simple past and past participle tenses.
- (grammar, linguistics) A member of a "strong" class in a language with two or more verb classes.
2009, Charles Häberl, The Neo-Mandaic Dialect of Khorramshahr, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, page 177:
Three basic root consonant classes exist: the strong verb, roots with weak initial root consonant (I-weak verbs), roots with weak final consonants (III-weak verbs), and a composite class...