subdeacon (plural subdeacons)
- (Catholicism, chiefly historical) A Catholic clerical rank in the major orders below that of a deacon.
- (Catholicism, chiefly historical) A Catholic cleric who assists the deacon at High Mass and normally reads the Epistle at the Eucharist.
- (Eastern Christianity) The highest of the minor orders below that of a deacon
In the first sense, subdeacons still exist in the context of the Society of St. Piux X (SSPX), the Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter (FSSP), and similar groups, who exclusively celibrate the Extraordinary Form of the Mass according to the practices in place prior to the Second Vatican Council. In the second sense, subdeacons do not exist in the Ordinary Form of the Mass.
- subdeacon on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- “subdeacon” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, →ISBN.
- “subdeacon” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
- "subdeacon" in WordNet 2.0, Princeton University, 2003.