Old English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *werþan, from Proto-Germanic *werþaną (to become), from Proto-Indo-European *wértti (to be turning).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈwe͜or.θɑn/, [ˈwe͜orˠ.ðɑn]

Verb

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weorþan

  1. to become
    • 10th century, Exeter Book Riddle 5[1]:
      …ac mē eċġa dolg ēacen weorðað þurh dēaðsleġe dagum and nihtum.
      …but for me wounds of edges become widened through deathblows by days and nights.
  2. (auxiliary) to be (used to form the passive voice)
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "Saint Maur, Abbot"
      Hē ārās þā ġesund, swelċe of slǣpe āwreaht, and begann tō wundrienne hū hē wurde þæder ġebrōht.
      Then he got up safe and sound, as if woken from sleep, and began to wonder how he got there. (Lit. How he be thither brought)
  3. to happen

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Middle English: werthen

References

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