zizania

See also: Zizania

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin zizania (cockle, tares)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

zizania (plural zizanias)

  1. Any of several aquatic North American grasses, of the genus Zizania, grown for their edible grain; wild rice.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Ancient Greek ζιζάνια (zizánia).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /zizˈza.ni.a/, [zɪzˈza.ni.a]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /d͡zidˈd͡za.ni.a/, [d͡zidˈd͡zaː.ni.a]
  • (file)
 
zīzānia (cockle, tares)

NounEdit

zīzānia n pl (genitive zīzāniōrum); second declension

  1. (Ecclesiastical Latin) cockle, tares, darnel (a weed, probably Lolium temulentum)
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Ambrose to this entry?)
    • (Can we date this quote?), Aurelius Augustine, Sermon 47, 5.
      Quamvis et ipsi servi stomachati adversus zizania, consilium tamen et praeceptum a domino expetiverunt.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Prudentius to this entry?)
    • 5th centuryVulgate Bible, Matthaeus 13:26
      cum autem crevisset herba et fructum fecisset tunc apparuerunt et zizania.
      But when the blade sprang up and brought forth fruit, then also appeared the tares.
    • 1267, anonymous, Scribere proposui:
      Scribere proposui de contemptu mundano
      iam est hora surgere de sonpno mortis uano ·
      zizaniam spernere sumpto ui[r]tutum grano ·
      Surge surge uigila semper esto paratus ·
      I have set forth to write of contempt of the world.
      Now is the hour to arise from the vain sleep of death,
      to scorn the tares, choosing the grain of virtue:
      Arise, arise, be vigilant, always be prepared.

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter), plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative zīzānia
Genitive zīzāniōrum
Dative zīzāniīs
Accusative zīzānia
Ablative zīzāniīs
Vocative zīzānia

DescendantsEdit

  • English: zizania
  • Italian: zizzania
  • Spanish: cizaña
  • Translingual: Zizania

ReferencesEdit