धरति

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold). Cognates include Old Persian 𐎭𐎠𐎼𐎹𐎠𐎷𐎹 (dārayāmiy), Latin firmus and Lithuanian derė́ti.

VerbEdit

धरति (dharati) (class-1, P. Ā., root √dhṛ)

  1. to hold, bear (also bring forth), carry, maintain, preserve, keep, possess, have, use, employ, practise, undergo
  2. (with or scil. आत्मानम् (ātmānam), जीवितम् (jīvitam), प्राणान् (prāṇān), देहम् (deham), शरीरम् (śarīram) etc.) to preserve soul or body, continue living, survive (especially future dhariṣyati; compare passive below)
  3. to hold back, keep down, stop, restrain, suppress, resist
  4. to place or fix in, bestow or confer on (locative)
  5. to destine for (dative; Ā. also to be destined for or belong to)
  6. to present to (genitive)
  7. to direct or turn (attention, mind, etc.) towards, fix or resolve upon (locative or dative)
  8. (Ā) to be ready or prepared for
  9. (Ā, P) to owe anything (accusative) to (dative or genitive)
  10. to prolong (in pronunciation)
  11. to quote, cite
  12. (with गर्भम् (garbham)) to conceive, be pregnant (older garbham- √bhṛ)
  13. (with दण्डम् (daṇḍam), दमम् (damam)) to inflict punishment on (locative)
  14. (with केशान् (keśān), or श्मश्रु (śmaśru)) to let the hair or beard grow
  15. (with रश्मीन् (raśmīn) or प्रहरान् (praharān)) to draw the reins tight
  16. (with धरमम् (dharamam)) to fulfil a duty
  17. (with व्रतम् (vratám)) to observe or keep a vow
  18. (with धारणाम् (dhāraṇām)) to practise self-control
  19. (with ?) to perform penance
  20. (with मूर्ध्ना (mūrdhnā) or मूर्ध्नि (mūrdhni), शिरसा (śirasā) or शिरसि (śirasi)) to bear on the head, honour highly
  21. (with or scil. तुलया (tulayā)) to hold in a balance, weigh, measure
  22. (with or scil. मनसा (manasā)) to bear in mind, recollect, remember
  23. (with समये (samaye)) to hold to an agreement, cause to make a compact
  24. (passive) to be borne
  25. to be firm, keep steady
  26. to continue living, exist, remain
  27. to begin, resolve upon, undertake (dative; accusative or infinitive)
  28. (intensive) to hold fast, bear firmly, fasten

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0519
Last modified on 12 January 2014, at 01:41