Last modified on 18 September 2014, at 11:17

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  + 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人一口人 (OMRO), four-corner 80886, composition)

  1. all, together, unanimous

DescendantsEdit

Simplified as a component in Japanese shinjitai and in simplified Chinese, as in , .

  • Shinjitai:
  • Simplified Chinese:

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 115, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1054
  • Dae Jaweon: page 246, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 207, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+50C9

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (僉), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 鹽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七廉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiᴇm/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛm/ /t͡sʰiɛm/ /t͡sʰiɛm/ /t͡sʰiam/ /t͡sʰĭɛm/ /t͡sʰjæm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiān ‹ tshjem › /*s.qʰ[a]m (dialect: *s.qʰ > MC tsh-)/ all; many

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10202 1 /*skʰlam/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

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