Last modified on 20 January 2015, at 01:40

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人人中弓 (OOLN), four-corner 82800, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 144, character 45
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2228
  • Dae Jaweon: page 326, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 358, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+528D

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (劍), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 嚴
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 居欠切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨɐmH/ /ki̯ɐmH/ /kiɐmH/ /kiɐmH/ /kɨamH/ /kĭɐmH/ /kiɐmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiàn ‹ kjaemH › /*s.kr[a]m-s/ sword

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10227 1 /*kams/ 原列梵韻作劒,此本說文籀文,集韻驗韻或體

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sword, dagger, sabre

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. sword

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana けん, romaji ken)

  1. sword

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune-Reischauer kŏm)

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CompoundsEdit

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kiếm, ghém, gươm, kém, chém, sớm)

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