Last modified on 16 July 2014, at 23:48

大夫

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From  ("great") +  ("man").

Pronunciation 1Edit


NounEdit

大夫

  1. (Beginning Mandarin, colloquial) doctor
SynonymsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

NounEdit

大夫

  1. (historical) a governmental job title used during the Spring and Autumn period, the Warring States period and the early Chinese dynasties, whose responsibilites encompassed managing royal and court affairs.

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1

Grade: 4
on'yomi

Etymology 1Edit

from Chinese 大夫 ("great" + "man"). Also written as 太夫.

NounEdit

大夫 (hiragana たいふ, romaji taifu)

  1. (historical) an office in Zhou Dynasty, China.
  2. (historical, in Japan) substitutive style of high ranked courtier, particularly officers in the 5th rank (五位).
  3. (historical, in Japan, also daibu) head of shoku() or (), administrative departments of the imperial court.
  4. (historical) karō (家老)
  5. pine tree (based in an episode Qin Shi Huangdi or the First Emperor of Qin granted a pine tree the dignity of Taifu [1.])
  6. style of Shinto shrine headmaster.

Etymology 2Edit

from taifu (see above)

NounEdit

大夫 (hiragana たゆう, romaji tayū)

  1. (in Noh-theater) iemoto or the head master of shite (シテ) acting family.
  2. (in jōruri/bunraku-theater) style of narrators and shamisen players.
  3. (historical, in Edo period) highest ranked prostitutes at the officially approved prostitution areas, such as, Yoshiwara.
  4. leading actor in a manzai pair
  5. style of Shinto shrine headmaster