Last modified on 5 October 2014, at 09:54
See also: and ±

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
士-bw.png
Stroke order
士-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Also simplified from , as in .

士 士 士 士
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 33 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 十一 (JM), four-corner 40100, composition)

  1. scholar, gentleman
  2. soldier, non-commissioned officer
  3. A certain Chinese chess (xiangqi) piece

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 242, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5638
  • Dae Jaweon: page 482, character 38
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 416, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+58EB

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (士), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 崇 (20)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 鉏里切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨX/ /ɖ͡ʐʱiX/ /d͡ʒiəX/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/ /ɖ͡ʐɨX/ /d͡ʒĭəX/ /d͡ʒieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ dzriX › /*m-s-rəʔ/ officer; gentleman
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11511 0 /*zrɯʔ/

NounEdit

  1. scholar
    博士, 院士
  2. soldier
    士兵
  3. commendable person, honorific title
    女士, 人士
  4. specialist
    护士 (護士), 助产士 (助產士)
  5. bachelor (in ancient China)
  6. an official rank in ancient China

Proper nounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shì)

  1. a Chinese surname

Usage notesEdit

In modern Chinese, 士 is only used in compounds. It is found as individual character only in idioms.
士 is also used as a phonetic in foreign names.

威士忌 (whiskey), 巴士 (bus)
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. gentleman
  2. samurai

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, sãi, sõi, sỡi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit