Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 10:37

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
是-bw.png
Stroke order
是-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + , logic of compound unclear. From Old Chinese *deʔ (Baxter-Sagart).

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日一卜人 (AMYO), four-corner 60801, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 493, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13859
  • Dae Jaweon: page 858, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1497, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+662F

ChineseEdit

 
is; are; am; yes; to be
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to be, is, am, are (copula)

Usage noteEdit

Even if it is translated as to be, 是 is used only to link two nouns or nominal expression.

  1. 老師 [trad.] / 老师 [simp.]shì lǎoshī [Pinyin] — I am a teacher
  1. 泰晤士河英國第二河流 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    泰晤士河英国第二河流 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
    Tàiwùshìhé shì Yīngguó dì'èr cháng de héliú. [Pinyin]
    The River Thames is the second longest river in the UK.

It can't be used to link a noun and an adjective. The following sentence is wrong :

这是好。

The correct sentence is

  1. [trad.] / [simp.]zhè hěn hǎo [Pinyin] — This is (very) good

Here is used as a filler, to link a noun and an adjective and is not interpreted as very. Not using it would sound unnatural. A way to use 是 with an adjective is to use after the adjective to turn it into a noun.

  1. [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]nà zhǐ māo shì hēi de [Pinyin] — This cat is black (This cat is a black one)

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

  1. yes (as answer to a question)

AdjectiveEdit

  1. right, true, correct

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(si)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: si, Yale: si)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thị)

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