音読み

JapaneseEdit

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Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
jūbakoyomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (on, sound) +‎ 読み (yomi, reading). Originally referred to the sounds (i.e. pronunciations) to use when reading Chinese text, as opposed to the meanings of these Chinese words in Japanese (called 訓読み (kun'yomi) or 訓読 (kundoku)).

NounEdit

音読み (hiragana おんよみ, romaji on'yomi)

  1. The reading of a Japanese word written in kanji that is roughly based on the pronunciation of the kanji characters in the originating Chinese dialect at the time the word was introduced into Japanese.
    As words written in kanji were brought to Japan at different times rather than all at once, each 音読み can be categorized as 呉音 (ごおん, goon), 漢音 (かんおん, kan'on), or 唐音 (とうおん, tōon), among other subcategories, depending on the originating dialect. Thus, the same kanji may be used to mean different things depending on the reading, reflecting the differences between the source Chinese dialects, such as 利益 which means "profit" when read with the 漢音 pronunciation りえき (rieki), but means "Buddhist blessing or salvation" when read with the 呉音 pronunciation りやく (riyaku).
    音読み loosely corresponds to 漢語 (かんご, kango), with the former signifying the reading and the latter signifying the word itself.

Alternative formsEdit

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

音読み + する (hiragana おんよみする, romaji on'yomi suru)

  1. to use the on'yomi of a word

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.
Last modified on 11 January 2014, at 02:52