Last modified on 21 August 2013, at 20:41

馬鹿

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
鹿
Grade: 2 Grade: S

EtymologyEdit

Possibly a transcription of Sanskrit मोह (moha), used as slang among monks[1][2]. Alternately, arising from the same root as Old Japanese (woko, modern oko, stupidity, ridiculousness), also sometimes used as an ateji for Sanskrit मोह (moha).

The kanji are ateji.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

馬鹿 (-na inflection, hiragana ばか, romaji baka)

  1. unintelligent and foolish; idiotic, stupid

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

馬鹿 (hiragana ばか, romaji baka)

  1. a fool; someone who is unintelligent and foolish
  2. useless, futile
  3. Mactra chinensis, a type of bivalve shellfish: see 馬鹿貝 (​bakagai)
  4. a tool used for counting coins

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3