Last modified on 18 July 2014, at 16:47

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
鹿-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Deer running.jpg

Pictogram (象形) – a deer. Current form is highly abstracted – legs have transformed to – note grouping of front and rear legs, which are bent – head has transformed to middle component (similar to /), while antlers on top and extended lip/mouth on left transformed into 广. This simplification occurred during seal characters.

Contrast the very different development of (horse), and the hybrid simplification in 𢊁 (bison) (as in ), which has the head of 鹿 but the legs of 馬 ().

Han characterEdit

鹿 (radical 198 鹿+0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈X心 (IXP), four-corner 00211)

  1. deer
  2. used as a surname
  3. KangXi radical 198

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47586
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4727, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9E7F

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.
鹿

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (鹿, reconstructed)
Character (鹿), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 盧谷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/ /ləwk̚/ /luk̚/ /luk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (鹿, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
鹿 ‹ luwk › /*mə-rˁok/ deer
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
鹿 8565 鹿 0 /*b·roːɡ/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

鹿

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. deer

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese.

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana , romaji ka)

  1. deer (archaic)

Etymology 2Edit

From (se, male) + 鹿 (ka, deer), in contrast to 女鹿 (meka, female deer (archaic)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana しか, romaji shika)

  1. deer
    奈良公園には鹿しかいない。
    nara kōen ni wa shika shika inai.

Etymology 3Edit

From the resemblance to a 桛木 (kasegi, cross-shaped spindle, or a branching point in a tree)

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana かせぎ, romaji kasegi)

  1. deer (archaic)
    • 1212: Hōjōki
      山鳥のほろと鳴くを聞きても、父か母かと疑ひ、峰のかせぎの近くなれたるにつけても、世に遠ざかるほどを知る。
      yamadori no horo to naku wo kikite mo, chichi ka haha ka to utagahi, mine no kasegi no chikaku naretaru ni tsukete mo, yo ni tōzakaru hodo wo shiru.

Etymology 4Edit

From 鹿 (ka, deer) + (no, possessive particle) + (shishi, flesh).

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana かのしし, romaji kanoshishi)

  1. deer meat: venison
  2. deer (archaic)

Etymology 5Edit

From (shishi, flesh).

NounEdit

鹿 (hiragana しし, romaji shishi)

  1. beast (used for its meat such as a boar or a deer) (archaic)

ReferencesEdit

  • 1989 [1212], Teiji Ichiko, Hōjōki (Shintei), Iwanami Shoten, 4-00-301001-9:
  • 1957, Minoru Nishio, Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei: Hōjōki, Tsurezuregusa, Iwanami Shoten, 4-00-060030-3:

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

鹿 (rok, nok) (hangeul , , revised rok, nok, McCune-Reischauer rok, nok, Yale lok, nok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

鹿 (*luk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

鹿 (lộc, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.