From Middle English, from Old French idiote (later idiot), from Latin idiota, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs, “a private citizen, one who has no professional knowledge, layman”), from ἴδιος (idios, “one's own, pertaining to oneself, private”); ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs) was used derisively in ancient Athens to refer to one who declined to take part in public life.
idiot (plural idiots)
- (pejorative) A common term for a person of low general intelligence.
- usage note This may be used pejoratively, as an insult. It is a weak insult, however, and between close friends, family members, or lovers, is often completely nonaggressive.
- (obsolete) A medical or psychological term meaning a person who lacks the capacity to develop beyond the mental age of a normal four-year-old.
- idiot (disliked or slow-witted person)
- idiot (person who lacks the capacity to develop beyond the mental age of a normal four-year-old)
- idiot in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- idiot in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
- The form idiote was sometimes used as both masculine and feminine, as a direct borrowing from Latin idiota.
- Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881)
idiot m (plural idioți; feminine equivalent idioată)
idìot m (Cyrillic spelling идѝот)