idiot

See also: Idiot and IDiot

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English, from Old French idiote (later idiot), from Latin idiota, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs, a private citizen, one who has no professional knowledge, layman), from ἴδιος (idios, one's own, pertaining to oneself, private); ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs) was used derisively in ancient Athens to refer to one who declined to take part in public life.

Pronunciation

Noun

idiot (plural idiots)

  1. (pejorative) A common term for a person of low general intelligence.
    usage note This may be used pejoratively, as an insult. It is a weak insult, however, and between close friends, family members, or lovers, is often completely nonaggressive.
  2. (obsolete) A medical or psychological term meaning a person who lacks the capacity to develop beyond the mental age of a normal four-year-old.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Related terms

Translations


Czech

Noun

idiot m

  1. idiot (disliked or slow-witted person)
  2. idiot (person who lacks the capacity to develop beyond the mental age of a normal four-year-old)

Related terms

See also

External links

  • idiot in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • idiot in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French

Etymology

From Old French (cf. also the older form idiote), borrowed from Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs, layman) from ἴδιος (idios, private).

Pronunciation

Adjective

idiot m (feminine idiote, masculine plural idiots, feminine plural idiotes)

  1. idiotic; stupid

Noun

idiot m (plural idiots, feminine idiote)

  1. idiot

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs, layman) from ἴδιος (idios, private).

Adjective

idiot m

  1. ignorant; narrow-minded

Usage notes

  • The form idiote was sometimes used as both masculine and feminine, as a direct borrowing from Latin idiota.

Descendants

References


Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French idiot, itself borrowed from Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs, layman) from ἴδιος (idios, private).

Noun

idiot m (plural idioțifeminine equivalent idioată)

  1. idiot, moron, imbecile

Synonyms

Adjective

idiot

  1. stupid, idiotic, foolish, absurd

Synonyms


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs, a private citizen, one who has no professional knowledge, layman).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /idǐot/
  • Hyphenation: i‧di‧ot

Noun

idìot m (Cyrillic spelling идѝот)

  1. idiot

Declension

See also


Slovak

Etymology

From Latin idiōta, from Ancient Greek ἰδιώτης (idiōtēs, a private citizen, one who has no professional knowledge, layman).

Noun

idiot m (genitive singular idiota, nominative plural idioti), declension pattern chlap

  1. (pejorative) idiot

Declension

Derived terms

See also


Swedish

Pronunciation

Noun

idiot c

  1. (pejorative) idiot

Declension

Last modified on 4 April 2014, at 04:39