Last modified on 3 August 2014, at 10:11

bleach

EnglishEdit

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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bleche (also bleke), from Old English blǣċ, blǣc, variants of Old English blāc (bright, shining, glittering, flashing; bleak, pale, pallid, wan, livid), from Proto-Germanic *blaikaz (pale, shining), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰlē- (to shimmer, gleam, shine). More at bleak.

AdjectiveEdit

bleach (comparative bleacher or more bleach, superlative bleachest or most bleach)

  1. (archaic) Pale; bleak.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English blechen, from Old English blǣċan (to bleach, whiten), from Proto-Germanic *blaikijaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel- (to shine). Cognate with Dutch bleken (to bleach), German bleichen (to bleach), Danish blege, Swedish bleka (to bleach). Related to Old English blāc (pale) (English blake; compare also bleak).

VerbEdit

bleach (third-person singular simple present bleaches, present participle bleaching, simple past and past participle bleached)

  1. (transitive) To treat with bleach, especially so as to whiten (fabric, paper, etc) or lighten (hair).
    • Ure
      The destruction of the colouring matters attached to the bodies to be bleached is effected either by the action of the air and light, of chlorine, or of sulphurous acid.
    • Smollett
      Immortal liberty, whose look sublime / Hath bleached the tyrant's cheek in every varying clime.
  2. (intransitive, biology, of corals) to lose color due to stress-induced expulsion of symbiotic unicellular algae.
    Once coral bleaching begins, corals tend to continue to bleach even if the stressor is removed.
SynonymsEdit
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NounEdit

bleach (countable and uncountable, plural bleaches)

  1. (uncountable) A chemical, such as sodium hypochlorite or hydrogen peroxide, or a preparation of such a chemical, used for disinfecting or whitening.
  2. (countable) A variety of bleach.
TranslationsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English bleche, from Old English blǣċu, blǣċo (paleness, pallor), from Proto-Germanic *blaikį̄ (paleness).

NounEdit

bleach (plural bleaches)

  1. An act of bleaching; exposure to the sun.

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle English bleche, from Old English blǣċe (irritation of the skin, leprosy; psoriasis).

NounEdit

bleach (plural bleaches)

  1. A disease of the skin.