From Medieval Latin cultivātus, perfect passive participle of cultivō (“till, cultivate”), from cultīvus (“tilled”), from Latin cultus, perfect passive participle of colō (“till, cultivate”), which comes from earlier *quelō, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (“to move; to turn (around)”). Cognates include Ancient Greek πέλω (pelō) and Sanskrit चरति (cárati). The same Proto-Indo-European root also gave Latin in-quil-īnus (“inhabitant”) and anculus (“servant”).
- To grow plants, notably crops
- Farmers should cultivate their crops to get a good harvest.
- To nurture; to foster; to tend.
- They tried to cultivate an interest in learning among their students.
- To turn or stir soil in preparation for planting.
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