Last modified on 12 August 2014, at 21:56

EnglishEdit

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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English crop, croppe, from Old English crop, cropp, croppa (the head or top of a plant, a sprout or herb, a bunch or cluster of flowers, an ear of corn, the craw of a bird, a kidney), from Proto-Germanic *kruppaz (body, trunk, crop), from Proto-Indo-European *grewb- (to warp, bend, crawl). Cognate with Dutch krop (crop), Low German Krop (a swelling on the neck, the craw, maw), German Kropf (the craw, ear of grain, head of lettuce or cabbage), Swedish kropp (body, trunk), Icelandic kroppur (a hunch on the body). Related to crap and group.

NounEdit

crop (plural crops)

  1. A plant, especially a cereal, grown to be harvested as food, livestock fodder, or fuel or for any other economic purpose.
  2. The natural production for a specific year, particularly of plants.
  3. A group, cluster or collection of things occurring at the same time.
    a crop of ideas
  4. The lashing end of a whip
  5. An entire short whip, especially as used in horse-riding; a riding crop.
  6. A rocky outcrop.
  7. The act of cropping.
  8. A short haircut.
  9. (anatomy) A pouch-like part of the alimentary tract of some birds (and some other animals), used to store food before digestion, or for regurgitation; a craw.
    • XIX c., George MacDonald, The Early Bird:
      A little bird sat on the edge of her nest;
      Her yellow-beaks slept as sound as tops;
      Day-long she had worked almost without rest,
      And had filled every one of their gibbous crops;
    • 1892, Arthur Conan Doyle, "The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle", 2005 Norton edition, page 221:
      The bird gave a gulp, and I felt the stone pass along its gullet and down into its crop.
  10. (architecture) The foliate part of a finial.
  11. (archaic or dialect) The head of a flower, especially when picked; an ear of corn; the top branches of a tree.
  12. (mining) Tin ore prepared for smelting.
  13. (mining) Outcrop of a vein or seam at the surface.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
SynonymsEdit
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Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English croppen (to cut, pluck and eat), from Old English *croppian. Cognate with Scots crap (to crop), Dutch kroppen (to cram, digest), Low German kröppen (to cut, crop, stuff the craw), German kröpfen (to crop), Icelandic kroppa (to cut, crop, pick). Literally, to take off the crop (top, head, ear) of a plant. See Etymology 1.

VerbEdit

crop (third-person singular simple present crops, present participle cropping, simple past and past participle cropped)

  1. (transitive) To remove the top end of something, especially a plant.
    • Bible, Ezekiel xvii. 22
      I will crop off from the top of his young twigs a tender one.
  2. (transitive) To cut (especially hair or an animal's tail or ears) short.
  3. (transitive) To remove the outer parts of a photograph or image in order to frame the subject better.
  4. (intransitive) To yield harvest.
  5. (transitive) To cause to bear a crop.
    to crop a field
Derived termsEdit
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See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit