Last modified on 30 May 2014, at 23:02

dziļš

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *gil-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷel-, *gʷl̥- (to stab, to pierce), whence also dzelt (to sting) (q.v.). At first there was a u-stem adjective *gilus > *dzilus (whence the Lithuanian cognate), later replaced by a- and yo-stem counterparts. Later on the yo-stem form stabilized, leading to dziļš, but descendants of the a-stem *dzils can still be found in dialectal terms like dziliene (depth) or in placenames like Dziloņezers (*dzilonis (depth)). Cognates include Lithuanian gilùs (deep), Old Prussian gillin (deep (fem. acc.)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

dziļš (def. dziļais, comp. dziļāks, sup. visdziļākais; adv. dziļi)

  1. deep (having its bottom far from its surface)
    dziļa upe, akadeep river, well
    dziļš ezersdeep lake
    šeit ūdens ir ļoti dziļš — here the water is very deep
    dziļš grāvisdeep ditch
    dziļa krūzedeep mug
    dziļais šķīvisdeep plate, soup plate
    dziļš robsdeep notch, incision
    mēs izrakām 3 metrus dziļas izlūku akas — we dug 3 meter deep reconnaissance wells
    mēs apsēžamies dziļos ādas klubkrēslos — we sat down in deep leather armchairs
    viņš gāja ātri un smagi, atstādams zemē dziļas pēdas — he went fast and hard, leaving deep tracks on the ground
  2. deep (located, extending, moving relatively far from the surface of something)
    dziļš zemes slānisdeep earth layer
    vecam kokam dziļas saknes — an old tree (has) deep roots
    mašīna, kas veiks 60-80 metrus dziļus urbumus — a machine that will make holes 60-80 meters deep
  3. deep (forming a thick layer)
    sniegs ir ļoti dziļš — the snow is very deep
  4. (of breath) deep (involving a large amount of air)
    dziļš elpas vilciensdeep breath
    dziļā elpošanadeep breathing
  5. (adverbial form; of movements) deep (going down low)
    dziļi paklanīties — to bow deeply (= low)
  6. deep (such that its edge or border is far from the center)
    slēpties dziļā mežā — to hide in the deep forest
    dziļa aizmuguredeep rear, area located far from the combat zone
  7. (of silence, darkness, quiet etc.) deep, full
    dziļš nakts miersdeep night quiet
    dziļā naktī — in the deep night (i.e., late at night)
    pēc tam klusums ir vēl dziļāks — after that the silence is even deeper
  8. (of physiological processes) deep, full
    dziļš miegsdeep sleep
    dziļa nesamaņadeep unconsciousness
  9. (of psychological or emotional states) deep, strong, stable
    dziļa mīlestībadeep love
    dziļš prieksdeep joy
    dziļa cieņadeep respect
    dziļa sirsnībadeep sincerity
    dziļas sērasdeep mourning
  10. (of beliefs, actions, etc.) deep (expressing itself strongly, very significantly)
    dziļš humānismsdeep humanism
    runāt ar dziļu pārliecību — to speak with deep conviction
    dziļa ietekmedeep, strong influence
    dziļas un būtiskas pārmaiņasdeep and profound (lit. essential) changes
    dziļa patiesība ir tautas sakāmvārdos — (there) is deep truth in popular proverbs
  11. (of thoughts, opinions, knowledge, etc.) deep (very important, affecting the foundations of something; content-rich)
    dziļa mūzikadeep music
    dziļa idejadeep idea
    dziļas sarunasdeep conversations
    dziļš zemtekstsdeep subtext
    dziļš romāna idejiskais saturs — a novel's deep conceptual content
    dziļās pārdomās, Krišjānim radās ideja — in deep reflection, meditation, Krišjānis had an idea
  12. (of eyes, looks) deep (such that it expresses important, fundamental, content-rich thoughts)
    senators uzlūko mani ar tādu dziļu, pētošu skatenu, it kā gribētu iespiesties manā dvēselē — the senator looked at me with such deep, searching eyes, as if they wanted to penetrate into my soul

DeclensionEdit

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “dziļš” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.