Last modified on 24 August 2014, at 19:21

extinguish

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin extinguo, past participle extinctus (to put out (what is burning), quench, extinguish, deprive of life, destory, abolish), from ex (out) + stinguere (to put out, quench, extinguish).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪkˈstɪŋ.ɡwɪʃ/

VerbEdit

extinguish (third-person singular simple present extinguishes, present participle extinguishing, simple past and past participle extinguished)

  1. (transitive) to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench
  2. (transitive) to destroy or abolish something
    She extinguished all my hopes.
    • 1668 December 19, James Dalrymple, “Mr. Alexander Seaton contra Menzies” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), page 575
      The Pupil after his Pupillarity, had granted a Diſcharge to one of the Co-tutors, which did extinguiſh the whole Debt of that Co-tutor, and conſequently of all the reſt, they being all correi debendi, lyable by one individual Obligation, which cannot be Diſcharged as to one, and ſtand as to all the reſt.
  3. (transitive) to obscure or eclipse something
    The rays of the sun were extinguished by the thunder clouds.
  4. (transitive, psychology) to bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex
  5. (transitive, literally) to hunt down (a species) to extinction

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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External linksEdit