grafa

See also: grāfa and grāfā

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse grafa (to dig), from Proto-Germanic *grabaną.

VerbEdit

grafa (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative gróf, third-person plural past indicative grófu, supine grafið)

  1. to dig
  2. to bury
  3. to engrave
  4. to enquire
  5. (impersonal) to suppurate, to fester
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
  • (to bury): greftra
  • (to engrave): skera
  • (to enquire): grafast, spyrja
Derived termsEdit
  • grafa skurði (to trench)
  • grafa undan (to undermine)
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the verb grafa (to dig).

A modern excavator.

NounEdit

grafa f (genitive singular gröfu, nominative plural gröfur)

  1. an excavator, a digger; (large machine used to dig holes and trenches)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • keðjugrafa (trencher)
  • traktorsgrafa (excavator loader)
  • vökvagrafa (hydraulic excavator)
  • vélgrafa (mechanical excavator)
  • víragrafa (rope-operated excavator)

Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *grabaną, whence also Old English grafan (English grave), Old Saxon bigraƀan, Dutch graven, Old High German graban (German graben), Gothic 𐌲𐍂𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (graban).

VerbEdit

grafa

  1. to dig
  2. to bury
  3. to engrave
  4. to enquire (also in middle voice: grafask)
  5. (impersonal) to cause the formation of pus (in sth); suppurate

DescendantsEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

NounEdit

grafa

  1. genitive singular of graf
Last modified on 29 March 2014, at 19:16