Last modified on 7 December 2014, at 20:33

karš

See also: kars, kaŗš, and Kars

LatvianEdit

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 Karš on Latvian Wikipedia

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Karš

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *karyas, from Proto-Indo-European *kor-os, *kory-os. Cognates include Lithuanian kãras, dialectal kãrias, Old Prussian kargis ([karjis], troops, army) (misspelled as kragis in the 16th-century text), karyago (travels) (i.e., “war path”), Middle Irish cuire (army; troops), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍂𐌾𐌹𐍃 (harjis), Old Norse herr, German Heer (army), Ancient Greek κοίρανος (koíranos, leader, commander) (< *koiros < *koryos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

karš m (1st declension)

  1. war (organized armed conflict between two or more countries, peoples, ethnic or social groups)
    Pirmais pasaules karš — First World War
    Otrais pasaules karš — Second World War
    aizstāvēšanās, uzbrukuma karš — defensive, offensive war
    agresīvs karš — aggressive war
    taisnīgs karš — just, rightful war
    koloniālais karš — colonial war
    pilsoņu karš — civil war
    nacionālās atbrīvošanās karš — national liberation war
    partizānu karš — partisan, guerilla war
    krusta karš — crusade (lit. cross war)
    karš pret iebrucējiemwar against invaders
    ķīmiskais karš — chemical warfare
    bioloģiskais karš — biological warfare
    bakterioloģiskais karš — bacteriological warfare
    kodoltermiskais karš — thermonuclear war
    kara kurinātāji, kūrējiwarmongers
    izcēlās karšwar broke out
    kara sākums — the beginning of war
    pieteikt karu — to declare war
    uzvarēt karu, karā — to win the war
    zaudēt karu, karā — to lose the war
    izbeigt karu — to put an end to the war
    doties karā — to go to war
    atgriezties no kara — to return from war
    karš ir tās politikas turpinājums ar varmācības līdzekļiem, kuru piekopa karojošo lielvalstu valdošās šķiras jau ilgi pirms karawar is the continuation, by means of violence, of policies which were practiced by the ruling classes of the warring countries long before the war
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) war; relating to war
    kara bēgliwar refugees
    kara veterānswar veteran
    kara invalīdswar invalid
    kara stāvoklis — state of war
    kara darbība — act of war
    kara gājiens, karagājienswar march, crusade
    kara lauks, karalauks — battlefield (lit. war field)
    kara gūsteknis — prisoner of war
    kara noziedzniekswar criminal
  3. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) war, military (relating to the armed forces or to military service)
    jūras kara flote — Navy (lit. sea war fleet)
    kara rūpnīcamilitary industry
    kara medicīnas dienestsmilitary medical service
    kara hospitāls, ārstsmilitary hospital, doctor
    kara lidmašīnamilitary airplane
    kara dienests, karadienestsmilitary service
    kara apgabalsmilitary district
    kara skola, karaskolamilitary school
    kara akadēmijamilitary academy
    kara zinātnemilitary science
    kara māksla, karamāksla — the art of war; warfare
    kara noslēpumswar secret, military secret
    kara tribunālsmilitary tribunal
    kara tiesa — court martial (lit. military court)
    kara bāze, ostamilitary base, port
    kara mūzikamilitary music
    kara klausība, karaklausībamilitary conscription
    kara kungswar lord
  4. (figuratively) war (serious conflict, struggle, fight, clash between enemies)
    aukstais karš — cold war
    ideoloģiskais karš — ideological war
    ekonomiskais karš — economic war
    jāpiesaka bargs karš pret māņticībām — it is necessary to declare harsh war against superstitions
  5. (figuratively) war (disagreement, dispute, quarrel)
    vārdu karšwar of words
    aizmirsušies nemitīgie mājas kari par jaunām kleitām — they (had) forgotten the persistent domestic wars about new dresses

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “karš” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7