Last modified on 25 May 2014, at 19:49

krāšņs

See also: krāsns

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Old East Slavic красьнъ (krasĭnŭ, beautiful) (compare Russian красный (krásnyj, red)), from the same Proto-Indo-European stem as krāsa (color) (q.v.). Borrowed before the 13th century in the form krāsns (first mentioned in 16th- and 17th-century sources), it became krāšņs in the second half of the 18th century, with a palatalized šņ either because of its adverbial form krāšņi, from krāsni, or because of the influence of Russian красный (krasnyj), perhaps re-borrowed as *krāsnij; in either case, the preceding i would have been the cause of the palatalization.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

krāšņs (def. krāšņais, comp. krāšņāks, sup. viskrāšņākais; adv. krāšņi)

  1. very beautiful, gorgeous, splendid, magnificent (that which is excellent or outstanding in beauty of form, color, line, etc.)
    krāšņs ziedsgorgeous, splendid flower
    krāšņs vainagsgorgeous wreath
    krāšņs kokssplendid tree
    krāšņs rotājumssplendid ornament
    krāšņs saulrietsgorgeous, splendid sunrise
    krāšņa pilsētamagnificent, wonderful city
    jūras krāšņā zilgme — the magnificent blue of the sea
    viņas tērpi ir krāšņi: tie ir augumam cieši pieguļoši, caurspīdīgi, dziļiem kakla un muguras izgriezumiem — her clothes are glamorous: close fitting her body, translucid, with deep cuts at her neck and back
    aiz muguras palika strauji augoša pilsēta ar krāšņiem namiem, zaļiem, ēnainiem dārziem un asfaltētām ielām — behind stayed the rapidly growing city with splendid houses, lush, shady gardens and paved streets
    Andra aukle bija liela sieviete krāšņām, brūnām matu pīnēm, kuras tā nēsāja apvītas galvai — Andris' sitter was a big woman with gorgeous brown hair in plaits that she wore woven around (her) head
    Nelda viņu vidū pati krāšņākā: mati kā pienenei, nē, drusku iesārti — Nelda among them is the most beautiful: hair like a dandelion's, no, a little reddish
    Edīte ir krāšņs, ārkārtīgi valdzinošs radījums — Edīte is a gorgeous, extremely captivating creature
  2. (of places) gorgeous, splendid (having beautiful vegetation, relief forms)
    krāšņs novadsgorgeous, splendid region
    krāšņa senlejamagnificent valley
    krāšņa pļavagorgeous, splendid meadow
    Aizkapratu Ukraina... krāšņa un bagāta zeme — Carpathian Ukraine... a splendid and rich land
  3. splendid, wonderful, magnificent, glorious (having rich, varied, very beautiful contents)
    krāšņs izteiksmes stilsmagnificent expression style
    krāšņa valodasplendid language
    būt, eksistēt, elpot, sajust un apzināties dzīvības krāšņo plūsmu sev visapkārt: tā taču visaugstākā laime katrai apzinīgai būtnei — to be, to exist, to breathe, to feel and grasp the glorious flow of life around us: that is the highest happiness for every conscious being
    Daugava spožā, nu reiz tavos krastos Dzīve plaukst krāšņā kā brīnumains zieds — (oh) bright Daugava, for once on thy glorious shores Life thrives magnificent like a miraculous flower
    vispirms acteku tautas dzeja apžilbina ar savu krāšņo tēlainību — the first Aztek folk poetry dazzles with its rich imagery
    šis krāšņais lirisms, kas it kā izaudzis no pašām latviešu tautas dziesmu dzīlēm, apņem visu lugu — this magnificent lyricism, as if grown from the very depths of the Latvian folk songs, embraces the entire play

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “krāšņs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7