Last modified on 12 December 2014, at 10:55

weight

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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English wiht, ġewiht, from Proto-Germanic *wihtiz, *(ga)wekhtiz (compare *weganą). Compare Dutch gewicht, German Gewicht.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

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Weight (3) for balance.

weight (plural weights)

  1. The force on an object due to the gravitational attraction between it and the Earth (or whatever astronomical object it is primarily influenced by).
  2. An object used to make something heavier.
  3. A standardized block of metal used in a balance to measure the mass of another object.
  4. Importance or influence.
    • 1897, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity[1]:
      I liked the man for his own sake, and even had he promised to turn out a celebrity it would have had no weight with me. I look upon notoriety with the same indifference as on the buttons on a man's shirt-front, or the crest on his note-paper.
    • 1907 Alonso de Espinosa, Hakluyt Society & Sir Clements Robert Markham, The Guanches of Tenerife: the holy image of Our Lady of Candelaria, and the Spanish conquest and settlement, Printed for the Hakluyt Society, p116
      Another knight came to settle on the island, a man of much weight and position, on whom the Adelantados of all the island relied, and who was made a magistrate.
    • 1945 Mikia Pezas, The price of liberty, I. Washburn, Inc., p11
      "You surely are a man of some weight around here," I said.
  5. (weightlifting) A disc of iron, dumbbell, or barbell used for training the muscles.
    • He's working out with weights.
  6. (physics) Mass (net weight, atomic weight, molecular weight, troy weight, carat weight, etc.).
  7. (statistics) A variable which multiplies a value for ease of statistical manipulation.
  8. (topology) The smallest cardinality of a base.
  9. (typography) The boldness of a font; the relative thickness of its strokes.
  10. (visual art) The relative thickness of a drawn rule or painted brushstroke, line weight.
  11. (visual art) The illusion of mass.
  12. (visual art) The thickness and opacity of paint.
  13. pressure; burden
    the weight of care or business
    • Shakespeare
      The weight of this sad time.
    • Milton
      For the public all this weight he bears.
  14. The resistance against which a machine acts, as opposed to the power which moves it.

Derived termsEdit

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TranslationsEdit

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VerbEdit

weight (third-person singular simple present weights, present participle weighting, simple past and past participle weighted)

  1. (transitive) To add weight to something, in order to make it heavier.
  2. (transitive) To load, burden or oppress someone.
  3. (transitive, mathematics) To assign weights to individual statistics.
  4. (transitive) To bias something; to slant.
  5. (transitive, horse racing) To handicap a horse with a specified weight.

TranslationsEdit