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NavajoEdit

EtymologyEdit

łi- (adjectival) + -Ø- (ni-modal 3rd person subject prefix) + -Ø- (classifier)-chííʼ (neuter imperfective stem of root -CHIIʼ, “to be red”).

Compare Dogrib dekʼo, Ahtna ltʼeli.

The łi- prefix appears to have originated historically from the -ł- classifier. When this prefix appears immediately in pre-stem position, it takes the shape of a -l- classifier.

VerbEdit

łichííʼ

  1. he/she/it is red
    Tsídii łichííʼThe (one or two) bird is red.
    Tsídii daalchííʼThe (three or more) birds are red.

Usage notesEdit

This is a neuter verb that only uses the imperfective stem.

ConjugationEdit

Paradigm: Neuter imperfective (ni).

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person łinishchííʼ łiniichííʼ dałiniichííʼ
2nd person łiníchííʼ łinohchííʼ dałinohchííʼ
3rd person łichííʼ daalchííʼ, dałichííʼ
4th person jilchííʼ dajilchííʼ

NounEdit

łichííʼ

  1. the colour red
  2. a penny

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Navajo · nidaashchʼąąʼígíí (layout · text)
     łigai      łibá
(dark gray: dinilzhin)
     łizhin
             łichííʼ              łichxíʼí
(light orange: diniltsxo); dibéłchíʼí, yishtłizh
(dark brown: dinilzhin)
             łitso
(light yellow: diniltso); dinilgai
                          dinooltłʼizh,
chʼilgo dootłʼizh
            
             dootłʼizhii              yágo dootłʼizh              dootłʼizh
             diłhiłgo dootłʼizh              tsédídéehgo dootłʼizh              dinilchííʼ