promise

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English promis, promisse, borrowed from Old French promesse, from Medieval Latin prōmissa, Latin prōmissum (a promise), feminine and neuter of promissus, past participle of prōmittō (I send or put forth, let go forward, say beforehand, promise), from pro (forth) + mittere (to send); see mission. Compare admit, commit, permit, etc. Displaced native Old English ġehātan (to promise) and ġehāt (a promise).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

promise (countable and uncountable, plural promises)

  1. (countable) an oath or affirmation; a vow
    if I make a promise, I always stick to it;  he broke his promise
  2. (countable) A transaction between two persons whereby the first person undertakes in the future to render some service or gift to the second person or devotes something valuable now and here to his use.
    • 1668 July 3rd, James Dalrymple, “Thomas Rue contra Andrew Houſtoun” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), pages 547–548
      He purſued Andrew Houſtoun upon his promiſe, to give him the like Sallary for the next year, and in abſence obtained him to be holden as confeſt and Decerned.
  3. (uncountable) Reason to expect improvement or success; potential.
    • 1819 June 23 – 1820 September 13, Geoffrey Crayon [pseudonym; Washington Irving], “(please specify the title)”, in The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent., New York, N.Y.: [] C. S. Van Winkle, [], OCLC 1090970992:
      My native country was full of youthful promise.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 1, in The China Governess[1]:
      The original family who had begun to build a palace to rival Nonesuch had died out before they had put up little more than the gateway, so that the actual structure which had come down to posterity retained the secret magic of a promise rather than the overpowering splendour of a great architectural achievement.
    She shows great promise as an actress.
  4. (countable, computing, programming) A placeholder object representing the eventual result of an asynchronous operation.
    Synonyms: delay, deferred, (imprecise) future
  5. (countable, obsolete) bestowal or fulfillment of what is promised

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

promise (third-person singular simple present promises, present participle promising, simple past and past participle promised)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To commit to (some action or outcome), or to assure (a person) of such commitment; to make an oath or vow.
    • 2013 June 22, “Engineers of a different kind”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 70:
      Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. [] Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster. Clever financial ploys are what have made billionaires of the industry’s veterans. “Operational improvement” in a portfolio company has often meant little more than promising colossal bonuses to sitting chief executives if they meet ambitious growth targets. That model is still prevalent today.
    If you promise not to tell anyone, I will let you have this cake for free.
    He promised to never return to this town again.
    She promised me a big kiss if I would drive her to the airport.
    I can't promise success, but I'll do the best I can.
  2. (intransitive) To give grounds for expectation, especially of something good.
    The clouds promise rain.

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AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

promise

  1. feminine singular of the past participle of promettre

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

promise

  1. third-person singular past historic of promettere

AnagramsEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

promise

  1. feminine plural of promis
  2. neuter plural of promis

VerbEdit

promise

  1. third-person singular simple perfect indicative of promite