Open main menu


Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewis-dʰh₁-, from *h₂ew- (to see, perceive), from which also comes ἀΐω (aḯō). Cognates include Sanskrit आविस् (āvís, openly, manifestly, evidently), Latin audiō (I hear), and Hittite 𒌋𒀪𒄭 (u-uḫ-ḫi, I see).




αἰσθάνομαι (aisthánomai)

  1. (transitive) I perceive, apprehend, notice [+genitive or accusative = something], [+nominative participle = oneself doing, that one is doing], [+genitive and genitive participle = that someone or something is doing, does], with ὅτι (hóti) or ὡς (hōs) and a verb: that ...
    • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, 2 51.4:
      δεινότατον δὲ παντὸς ἦν τοῦ κακοῦ ἥ τε ἀθυμία ὁπότε τις αἴσθοιτο κάμνων
      deinótaton dè pantòs ên toû kakoû hḗ te athumía hopóte tis aísthoito kámnōn
      The most horrible misery of all was the despair when someone felt themselves getting sick
    • 445 BCE – 380 BCE, Lysias, For Mantitheus 20:
      ἤδη δέ τινων ᾐσθόμην, ὦ βουλή, καὶ διὰ ταῦτα ἀχθομένων μοι, ὅτι νεώτερος ὢν ἐπεχείρησα λέγειν ἐν τῷ δήμῳ.
      ḗdē dé tinōn ēisthómēn, ô boulḗ, kaì dià taûta akhthoménōn moi, hóti neṓteros ṑn epekheírēsa légein en tôi dḗmōi.
      I have by now observed, council, that some people are annoyed at me that I am too young to attempt speaking in public.
    • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Theag. 122c:
      αἰσθώμεθα γελοῖοι ὄντες
      aisthṓmetha geloîoi óntes
      we may see that we are ridiculous
  2. (transitive, intransitive) I understand
  3. (transitive) I learn



Further readingEdit