See also: ως, ὥς, ὦς, and -ως

Ancient GreekEdit



Etymology 1Edit

PIE word

From the relative pronoun ὅς (hós) +‎ -ως (-ōs, adverbial suffix).


ὡς (hōs) (relative adverb)

  1. the introduction to similes
    1. like as, as, just as
    2. according as
  2. (with adverbial clauses)
    1. (parenthetically) to qualify a general statement; as it seems
    2. (in elliptical phrases) so far as....
    3. (attached to the object of a verb) as
  3. (to limit or augment the force of adverbs)


ὡς (hōs)

  1. (subordinating conjunction or complementizer, introducing dependent or subordinate clause)
  2. (with noun clauses) introducing a clause expressing a fact: that (with indicative or optative)
  3. (final) introducing a clause expressing an end or purpose: that, so that, in order that, so (with subjunctive or optative)
  4. (consequential) introducing a clause expressing a result: so that
  5. (causal) as, since, because
  6. (temporal) when
  7. (modal) how
    • III century BC, Menander, Aspis:
      ὡς καλόν
      hōs kalón
      How good!
  8. (local) where
See alsoEdit


  • Greek: ως (os)

Etymology 2Edit

PIE word

From the demonstrative pronoun (ho) +‎ -ως (-ōs, adverbial suffix).


ὡς (hōs) (demonstrative adverb)

  1. in καὶ ὧς: even so, nevertheless
  2. in comparisons, ὥς (hṓs)... ὡς (hōs) or ὡς (hōs)... ὣς (hṑs): so... as...
  3. thus, for instance
Alternative formsEdit