καμάρα

See also: κάμαρα

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

An Old Iranian borrowing: compare Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬨𐬀𐬭𐬁(kamarā, girdle), Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (kml /kamar/, waist; belt, girdle), Manichaean Middle Persian 𐫞𐫖𐫡‎(qmr‎ /kamar/, vault), Persian کمر(kamar, waist; belt, girdle; arch, cupola, dome, arched bridge) and the Old Armenian loanword կամար (kamar, girdle; arch, vault).[1][2][3][4] Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kh₂em- (to bend, curve). The Hesychian gloss καμαρίς (kamarís, woman's ornament) is also from Iranian.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

κᾰμᾰ́ρᾱ (kamárāf (genitive κᾰμᾰ́ρᾱς); first declension

  1. Anything with an arched cover such as a covered carriage or boat, a vaulted chamber; vault, span.

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: καμάρα (kamára)
  • Arabic: كَمَرَة(kamara)
  • Latin: camara, camera (see there for further descendants)
  • Italian: Cammarata
  • Old Georgian: კამარა (ḳamara)

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lagarde, Paul de (1877) Armenische Studien (in German), Göttingen: Dieterich, page 73
  2. ^ Fick A. (1909) , “Hesychglossen VI”, in Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung[1], volume 43, pages 137–138
  3. ^ Hemmerdinger, Bertrand (1971) , “173 noms communs grecs d'origine iranienne”, in Byzantinoslavica, volume 32, page 54
  4. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) , “kemer”, in Nişanyan Sözlük.