μή

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *meh₁ ‎(prohibitive particle). Cognate with Old Armenian մի ‎(mi), Sanskrit मा ‎(), Old Persian 𐎶𐎠 ‎().

PronunciationEdit

 

ParticleEdit

μή ‎(mḗ)

  1. not (used in clauses expressing will or thought)
    1. (with an imperative or subjunctive in negative commands)
    2. (with an optative or past indicative, expressing a negative wish)
    3. (in a question expecting a negative answer)
    4. (in dependent clauses)
    5. (with participle representing conditional clause)
  2. (in warnings or statements of fear)
    1. (in independent clauses) that ... not; that
      • 386 BCE – 367 BCE, Plato, Meno 89.c
        Σωκράτης   ... ἀλλὰ μὴ τοῦτο οὐ καλῶς ὡμολογήσαμεν.
        Socrates: But [let's hope] that we didn't agree on this incorrectly.
        or [I'm worried] that we agreed ... .
    2. (introducing indirect statement after verb of fearing or apprehension) that

Usage notesEdit

μή is the negative of thought or wish, but οὐ ‎(ou) of objective statements of fact.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • μή in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «μή» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «μή» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
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