See also: μυ, μι, and μη


Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *meh₁ ‎(prohibitive particle). Cognate with Old Armenian մի ‎(mi), Sanskrit मा ‎(), Old Persian 𐎶𐎠 ‎().




μή ‎(mḗ)

  1. not (used in clauses expressing will or thought)
    1. (with an imperative or subjunctive in negative commands)
    2. (with an optative or past indicative, expressing a negative wish)
    3. (in a question expecting a negative answer)
    4. (in dependent clauses)
    5. (with participle representing conditional clause)
  2. (in warnings or statements of fear)
    1. (in independent clauses) that ... not; that
      • 386 BCE – 367 BCE, Plato, Meno 89.c
        Σωκράτης   ... ἀλλὰ μὴ τοῦτο οὐ καλῶς ὡμολογήσαμεν.
        Socrates: But [let's hope] that we didn't agree on this incorrectly.
        or [I'm worried] that we agreed ... .
    2. (introducing indirect statement after verb of fearing or apprehension) that

Usage notesEdit

μή is the negative of thought or wish, but οὐ ‎(ou) of objective statements of fact.

Derived termsEdit