GarhwaliEdit

VerbEdit

मा () (transitive)

  1. have
    मेमा यअक किताब न्ही च।
    me yaak kitāb nhī ca.
    I don't have a book.



NepaliEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ma/, [mä]

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Sanskrit मध्य (madhya), cognate with Hindi में (mẽ).

PostpositionEdit

मा ()

  1. in, at, on

NewarEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

मा ()

  1. plant

SanskritEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *maH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *maH, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₁ (prohibitive particle). Cognate with Albanian mo (don't), Ancient Greek μή (mḗ, not, don't), Old Armenian մի (mi, no, not), Avestan 𐬁𐬨(), Old Persian 𐎶𐎠 (m-a /mā/) (whence Persian مـ(ma-)).

ParticleEdit

मा (mā́)[1]

  1. don't (prohibitive particle)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.5.10
    • मा नो मर्ता अभि द्रुहन्तनूनामिन्द्र गिर्वणः । ईशानो यवया वधम् ॥
      no martā abhi druhantanūnāmindra girvaṇaḥ . īśāno yavayā vadham .
      O Indra, thou who lovest song, do not let any man hurt our bodies. Keep slaughter far from us for thou canst.

DescendantsEdit

  • Dardic: *mā́
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀫𑀁𑀢 (maṃta)
  • Pali:
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀫𑀁𑀢 (maṃta)

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *máHm, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máHm.

PronounEdit

मा (mā́)

  1. accusative singular of अहम् (ahám)

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

RootEdit

मा ()

  1. (3 A) to sound, bellow, roar, bleat

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Monier Williams (1899) , “मा”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 804.