Ancient Greek edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Hellenic *spátʰā, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *sph₂-dʰh₁-éh₂, from *(s)peh₂- (to draw) (compare σπάω (spáō)) + *dʰeh₁- (to do; put) + feminine ending *-eh₂. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *spadô, Hittite 𒅖𒉺𒀀𒋻 (išpatar, spear).

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

σπᾰ́θη (spáthēf (genitive σπᾰ́θης); first declension

  1. any broad blade, of wood or metal
    1. a flat wooden blade used by ancient weavers in their upright loom for striking the woof home
    2. a spaddle or spattle used for stirring, especially for medical purposes
    3. the paddle or blade of an oar
      Synonym: πλάτη (plátē)
    4. the broad ribs
    5. the shoulder blade
    6. the broad blade of a sword
    7. a scraper for currying horses
    8. the stem of a palm-frond
    9. the spathe of the flower of many plants, especially palms

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Greek: σπαθί (spathí)
  • Latin: spatha (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  • σπάθη”, in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • σπάθη”, in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • σπάθη in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “σπάθη”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1374