главня

BulgarianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *golvьňa, probably from an earlier *golv- (to decay, to languish) + -ня (-nja), related to Bulgarian жило (žilo, stinger), жал (žal, sorrow). Possibly further akin to Lithuanian gélti (to sting), pagalỹs (stick, spoke), Latvian galēt (to slay), gals (end, demise).

Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary alternatively lists the word as a derivative of Bulgarian глава (glava, head), without further explanation (see for comparison Etymology 3).

NounEdit

главня́ or гла́вня (glavnjá or glávnjaf

  1. log of burnt wood, ember
    Synonym: (dialectal) поле́но (poléno)
Alternative formsEdit
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further reading

 
Кочан царивица засегната от главня

Etymology 2Edit

Likely from the same origin as Etymology 1, morphologically a resultant from *golv- (to decay, to languish) + -ня́ (-njá).

NounEdit

главня́ (glavnjáf

  1. infectious disease attacking crops
  2. smut (fungus that causes the infectious disease)
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • главня in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik), under ГЛАВНЯ̀²
  • главня in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Etymology 3Edit

Probably from глава́ (glavá, head) +‎ -ня (-nja), originally meaning head-like, shaped like a head.

NounEdit

главня́ (glavnjáf

  1. (dialectal) wooden sledgehammer
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • главня in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik), under ГЛАВНЯ̀³