From Middle English wode, from Old English wudu, widu (“wood, forest, grove; tree; timber”), from Proto-Germanic *widuz (“wood”), from Proto-Indo-European *widʰu-. Cognate with Dutch wede (“wood, twig”), Middle High German wite (“wood”), Danish ved (“wood”), Swedish ved (“wood”), Icelandic viður (“wood”). Unrelated to Dutch woud (“forest”), German Wald (“forrest”) (see English wold).
wood (countable and uncountable, plural woods)
- (uncountable) The substance making up the central part of the trunk and branches of a tree. Used as a material for construction, to manufacture various items, etc. or as fuel.
This table is made of wood.
There was lots of wood on the beach.
1667, John Milton, “Book X”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:, lines 1006–11:
- O that men / (Canſt thou believe ?) ſhould be ſo ſtupid grown, / While yet the Patriark liv’d, who ſcap’d the Flood, / As to forſake the living God, and fall / To worſhip thir own work in Wood and Stone / For Gods !
1963, Margery Allingham, “Foreword”, in The China Governess:
- He stood transfixed before the unaccustomed view of London at night time, a vast panorama which reminded him […] of some wood engravings far off and magical, in a printshop in his childhood.
- (countable) The wood of a particular species of tree.
Teak is much used for outdoor benches, but a number of other woods are also suitable, such as ipé, redwood, etc.
- (countable) A forested or wooded area.
He got lost in the woods beyond Seattle.
c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i], lines 92–94, page 144, column 2:
- Macbeth ſhall neuer vanquiſh’d be, vntill / Great Byrnam Wood, to high Dunſmane Hill / Shall come againſt him.
We need more wood for the fire.
1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
- We toted in the wood and got the fire going nice and comfortable. Lord James still set in one of the chairs and Applegate had cabbaged the other and was hugging the stove.
2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
- Energy has seldom been found where we need it when we want it. Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame.
- (countable, golf) A type of golf club, the head of which was traditionally made of wood.
- (music) A woodwind instrument.
- (uncountable, slang) An erection of the penis.
That girl at the strip club gave me wood.
- (chess, uncountable, slang) Chess pieces.
- 1971, Chess Life & Review (volume 26, page 309)
- […] White has nothing but a lot of frozen wood on the board while Black operates on the Q-side.
In the sense of "a forested area", the singular generally refers to a discrete area of forest, while the plural is often used when a more vaguely defined area is meant.
Terms derived from wood (noun)
- Abkhaz: амҿымаҭәахә (āmč̣əmāt°āx°)
- Afrikaans: hout (af)
- Alabama: itto
- Albanian: dru (sq)
- Amharic: እንጨት (ʾənč̣ät)
- Arabic: خَشَب (ar) m (ḵašab)
- Armenian: փայտ (hy) (pʿayt)
- Aromanian: lemnu
- Assamese: কাঠ (kath)
- Asturian: madera f
- Avar: цӏцӏул (c̣̄ul)
- Azerbaijani: ağac (az)
- Baluchi: دار (dár)
- Bashkir: утын (utïn)
- Basque: zur
- Belarusian: дрэ́ва (be) n (dréva)
- Blackfoot: mĭstcĭs
- Breton: koad (br) m
- Bulgarian: дърво́ (bg) n (dǎrvó), дървеси́на (bg) f (dǎrvesína)
- Burmese: သစ် (my) (sac)
- Catalan: fusta (ca) f
- Chechen: дечиг (dečig)
- Cherokee: ᎠᏓ (ada)
- Cantonese: 木 (muk6)
- Mandarin: 木 (zh) (mù), 木材 (zh) (mùcái), 木頭 (zh), 木头 (zh) (mùtou), 木料 (zh) (mùliào)
- Coptic: ϣⲉ (še)
- Crimean Tatar: taqta
- Czech: dřevo (cs) n
- Dalmatian: lanc m
- Dutch: hout (nl) n
- Egyptian: (ḫt m)
- Esperanto: ligno (eo)
- Estonian: puit
- Faroese: viður m, træ n
- Finnish: puu (fi)
- French: bois (fr) m
- Friulian: len m
- Galician: madeira (gl) f
- Gallo: boueil m
- Georgian: ხე (ka) (xe), მექრანი (mekrani)
- German: Holz (de) n
- Greek: ξύλο (el) n (xýlo), ξυλεία (el) f (xyleía)
- Ancient: ξύλον n (xúlon)
- Guaraní: yvyra
- Hausa: ice
- Hawaiian: lāʻau
- Hebrew: עֵץ (he) (‘ets), קֶרֶשׁ (he) (keresh)
- Hindi: लकड़ी (hi) f (lakṛī)
- Hopi: koho
- Hungarian: fa (hu)
- Icelandic: viður (is)
- Ilocano: kayo
- Indonesian: kayu (id)
- Interlingua: ligno
- Irish: adhmad (ga) m
- Istriot: lìgno
- Italian: legno (it) m
- Japanese: 木 (ja) (き, ki), 木材 (ja) (もくざい, mokuzai)
- Karakhanid: يِغَجْ (yïɣač)
- Kazakh: ағаш (kk) (ağaş)
- Khmer: ឈើ (km) (cʰəə)
- Korean: 나무 (ko) (namu), 목재 (ko) (mokjae) (木材 (ko))
- Sorani: دار (ku) (dar)
- Kyrgyz: жыгач (ky) (cıgaç)
- Ladin: legn m
- Lakota: čháŋ
- Lao: ໄມ້ (lo) (mai)
- Latgalian: kūks, kūkna
- Latin: lignum (la)
- Latvian: koks (lv), koksne
- Lithuanian: medis (lt)
- Luxembourgish: Holz n
- Lü: please add this translation if you can
- Macedonian: дрво n (drvo)
- Malagasy: hazo (mg)
- Malay: kayu (ms)
- Manchu: ᠮᠣᠣ (moo)
- Manx: please add this translation if you can
- Marathi: लाकूड n (lākūḍ)
- Maricopa: 'ii
- Mingo: úwẽ'kææ', uyêta'
- Mohawk: oyente
- Mongolian: мод (mn) (mod)
- Mòcheno: holz
- Nauruan: edabwike (na)
- Navajo: tsin
- Ngazidja Comorian: mri class 3
- Nogai: агаш (agaş)
- Northern Thai: please add this translation if you can
- Norwegian: tre (no) n, treverk n
- Occitan: fusta (oc)
- Old English: holt n
- Old Turkic: 𐰃𐰍𐰲 (ïɣač)
- Ossetian: хъæд (qæd)
- Panamint: huuppin
- Pashto: لرګی m (largay)
- Persian: چوب (fa) (čub)
- Piedmontese: bosch m
- Polish: drewno (pl) n
- Portuguese: madeira (pt) f
- Romanian: lemn (ro) n
- Romansch: lain m
- Russian: де́рево (ru) n (dérevo), древеси́на (ru) f (drevesína), лес (ru) m (les), лесоматериа́л (ru) m (lesomateriál)
- Sardinian: linna f
- Scottish Gaelic: fiodh m
- Cyrillic: дрво n
- Roman: drvo (sh) n
- Shan: please add this translation if you can
- Sicilian: lignu (scn) m
- Slovak: drevo (sk) n
- Slovene: les (sl) m, gozd (sl) m
- Lower Sorbian: drjewo n
- Spanish: madera (es) f
- Swedish: trä (sv)
- Sylheti: ꠇꠣꠑ (xaṭ)
- Tagalog: kahoy (tl)
- Tajik: чӯб (tg) (čüb)
- Taos: łò’óne
- Tatar: агач (tt) (ağaç)
- Thai: ไม้ (th) (máai)
- Tibetan: ཤིང (shing)
- Tocharian A: or
- Tocharian B: or
- Tok Pisin: diwai (tpi)
- Tupinambá: ybyrá
- Turkish: odun (tr), ağaç (tr)
- Turkmen: agaç (tk)
- Tuvan: ыяш (ıyaš)
- Ukrainian: де́рево (uk) n (dérevo), деревина́ (derevyná), ліс (uk) (lis)
- Urdu: لکڑی f (lakṛī)
- Uzbek: o'tin (uz), yog'och (uz)
- Venetian: legn (vec) m, łegno m
- Vietnamese: gỗ (vi)
- Welsh: coed (cy) f, pren (cy) m
- West Frisian: hout n
- Yucatec Maya: čeʼ
- Zhuang: faex
- Zulu: umuthi (zu) class 3/4, ukhuni class 11/10
wood from a particular species
- Korean: 숲 (ko) (sup), 수풀 (ko) (supul)
- Latin: silva (la) f, nemus (la) n
- Macedonian: шума (mk) f (šúma), корија f (kórija)
- Neapolitan: vosco m
- Bokmål: skog (no) m
- Nynorsk: skog (nn) m
- Occitan: bòsc (oc) m
- Old Church Slavonic: лѣсъ m (lěsŭ)
- Persian: بیشه (fa) (biše), درختزار (fa) (deraxtzâr)
- Polish: las (pl) m inan, bór (pl) m inan, knieja (pl) f
- Portuguese: bosque (pt) m
- Romanian: (please verify) pădure (ro) f, (please verify) codru (ro) m, (please verify) teren păduros n
- Russian: лес (ru) m (les)
- Spanish: bosque (es) m
- Swedish: skog (sv) c
- Tajik: беша (tg) (beša), ҷангал (tg) (jangal)
- Ukrainian: ліс (uk) (lis)
- Venetian: bosco m, bòsch (vec) m
- Zulu: ihlathi (zu) class 5/6
music: woodwind instrument
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
wood (third-person singular simple present woods, present participle wooding, simple past and past participle wooded)
- (transitive) To cover or plant with trees.
- 1542, Sir Richard Devereux, letter, in Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica, London: J. Nichols, published 1792, page 155:
- Their be ii good bellys, a chales, and a few veſtments of litil valure, the ſtuff beſide is not worth xl s. lead ther ys non except in ii gutters the which the p’or hath convey’d in to ye town, but that is ſuar yt is metely wodey’d in hege rowys.
- (reflexive, intransitive) To hide behind trees.
- c. 1586, Sir Ralph Lane, “Lane’s Account of the Englishmen Left in Virginia”, in Henry Sweetser Burrage, editor, Early English and French Voyages: Chiefly from Hakluyt, 1534–1608, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, published 1906, page 246:
- Immediatly, the other boate lying ready with their shot to skoure the place for our hand weapons to lande upon, which was presently done, although the land was very high and steepe, the Savages forthwith quitted the shoare, and betooke themselves to flight: wee landed, and having faire and easily followed for a smal time after them, who had wooded themselves we know not where […]
- (transitive) To supply with wood, or get supplies of wood for.
- to wood a steamboat or a locomotive
1891 November 1, John Bidwell, “The First Emigrant Train to California”, in Josiah Gilbert Holland and Richard Watson Glider, editor, The Century Magazine, volume XLI, Scribner & Company, page 106:
- Many passengers would save a little by helping to “wood the boat,” i. e., by carrying wood down the bank and throwing it on the boat, a special ticket being issued on that condition.
- (intransitive) To take or get a supply of wood.
c. 1629, Captain John Smith, chapter XXVII, in The True Travels, Adventures, and Observations of Captain John Smith, volume II, London: Awnsham and John Churchill, published 1704, page 409:
- In this little Iſle of Mevis, more than twenty Years ago, I have remained a great time together, to Wood and Water and refreſh my Men […]
to cover or plant with trees
From Middle English wood, from Old English wōd (“mad, insane”). See the full etymology at wode.
wood (comparative wooder, superlative woodest)
- (obsolete) Mad, insane, crazed.
1591, William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Sixt”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene vii], page 114, column 1:
- How the young whelpe of Talbots raging wood, / Did fleſh his punie-ſword in Frenchmens blood.
Back-formation from peckerwood.
wood (plural woods)
- (US, sometimes offensive, chiefly prison slang, of a person) A peckerwood.
- 1991, Mary E. Pelz, James W. Marquart and Terry Pelz, "Right-Wing Extremism in the Texas Prisons: The Rise and Fall of the Aryan Brotherhood of Texas", The Prison Journal, Winter-Fall 1991:
- He further stated that "I can't remember ever seeing a wood [white inmate] assault a nigger without being provoked".
- 2009, Brendan Joel Kelly, "Pride vs. Power", The Phoenix New Times:
- Other than shout-outs to fellow "woods," I found no references on their record to racism, and after getting to know the members, I think Woodpile's message is the opposite of what the L.A. Times construed it to be — they want to bring hardcore white guys to rap music, rather than alienating anyone of any race.
- 2011, Christian Workman, Black Boxed: Coming of Age Behind Prison Walls:
- The only thing is, even though there are ways to remain neutral, to just be a wood and not get caught up in the white supremacist gang stuff, you do have to take a side if things get bad.