карандаш

BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from a Turkic language.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

каранда́ш (karandášm inan (genitive карандаша́, nominative plural карандашы́, genitive plural карандашо́ў)

  1. pencil
    Synonym: ало́вак (alóvak)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • карандаш” in Belarusian-Russian dictionaries and Belarusian dictionaries at slounik.org

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

In Russian from the 16–17th centuries. Borrowing from a Turkic language. Compare Turkish karataş (black slate), composed of kara (black) + taş (stone), Tatar кара таш (qara taş, graphite, black lead). The origin of epenthetic -н- (-n-) is unclear. Compare каланча́ (kalančá) for the same epenthesis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kərɐnˈdaʂ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʂ

NounEdit

каранда́ш (karandášm inan (genitive карандаша́, nominative plural карандаши́, genitive plural карандаше́й, related adjective каранда́шный, diminutive каранда́шик)

  1. pencil
    У тебя́ есть каранда́ш?U tebjá jestʹ karandáš?Do you have a pencil?

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Kazakh: қарындаш (qarındaş)
  • Kildin Sami: карндашш (karndašš)
  • Ingrian: krantossi
  • Skolt Sami: karndaš

ReferencesEdit