Contents

BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from a Turkic language.

NounEdit

каранда́ш (karandášm inan

  1. pencil

SynonymsEdit


RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

In Russian from the 16–17th centuries. Borrowing from a Turkic language. Compare Turkish karataş(black slate), composed of kara(black) + taş(stone), Tatar кара таш(qara taş, graphite, black lead). The origin of epenthetic -н-(-n-) is unclear. Perhaps it was added in colloquial Russian speech to ease the pronunciation. Compare каланча́(kalančá) for the same epenthesis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

каранда́ш (karandášm inan (genitive карандаша́, nominative plural карандаши́, genitive plural карандаше́й)

  1. pencil

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Fasmer, Maks (1967), “карандаш”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress, page 192
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “карандаш”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 379
  • Šapošnikov, A. K. (2010), “карандаш”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ sovremennovo russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Contemporary Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, Moscow: Flinta; Nauka, page 379