карандаш

BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from a Turkic language.

NounEdit

каранда́ш ‎(karandášm inan

  1. pencil

SynonymsEdit


RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

In Russian from the 16–17th centuries. Borrowing from a Turkic language. Compare Turkish karataş ‎(black slate), composed of kara ‎(black) + taş ‎(stone), Tatar кара таш ‎(qara taş, graphite, black lead). The origin of epenthetic -н- ‎(-n-) is unclear. Perhaps it was added in colloquial Russian speech to ease the pronunciation. Compare каланча́ ‎(kalančá) for the same epenthesis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

каранда́ш ‎(karandášm inan ‎(genitive карандаша́, nominative plural карандаши́)

  1. pencil

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • карандаш in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv, volume 2, page 192
  • карандаш” in Pavel Černyx (1999), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 2 vols (3rd ed.), Moscow: Publishing House "Russian Language", volume 1, page 379
  • “карандаш” in Aleksandr Šapošnikov (2010), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ sovremennovo russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of Contemporary Russian Language], in 2 vols, Moscow: Flinta; Nauka, volume 1, page 379
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