English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

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From Punjabi ਕੜਾ (kaṛā); see Hindi कड़ा (kaṛā, bracelet).

Noun

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kara (plural karas)

  1. (Sikhism) A bangle worn by Sikhs, one of the five Ks, to remind them to do God's work.

Anagrams

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Balinese

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Romanization

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kara

  1. Romanization of ᬓᬭ
  2. Romanization of ᬓᬵᬭ

Basque

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Noun

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kara

  1. allative singular of ka

Cornish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Brythonic *karɨd. Cognate with Breton karout and Welsh caru.

Verb

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kara (irregular)

  1. to love

Conjugation

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Indicative Subjunctive Imperative
Pres-fut Imperfect Preterite Conditional Pres-fut Imperfect
1s karav karen keris karsen kyrriv karren -
2s kerydh kares kersys karses kyrri karres kar
3s kar kara karas karsa karro karra kares
1p keryn karen kersyn karsen kerryn karren keryn
2p kerowgh karewgh kersowgh karsewgh kerrowgh karrewgh kerowgh
3p karons karens kersons karsens karrons karrens karens
0 kerir kares karas karsys kyrrer karrys -
Present participle: ow kara
Verbal adjective: kerys

Mutation

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Esperanto

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Etymology

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From Italian caro, cara, from Latin cārus. Compare French cher.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈkara]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ara
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ra

Adjective

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kara (accusative singular karan, plural karaj, accusative plural karajn)

  1. dear
    Mi amegas vin, mia kara.
    I love you so much, my dear.
    Kara S-ro Garcio, mi estas skribanta al vi ĉi tiun leteron, ĉar…
    Dear Mr. Garcia, I am writing you this letter because…

Derived terms

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Finnish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑrɑ/, [ˈkɑ̝rɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑrɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ka‧ra

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Finnic *kara.

Noun

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kara

  1. a dried branch, rib of a leaf or other similar dried part of a plant
    Synonym: karahka
  2. core (uneaten part of an apple or similar fruit)
    Synonyms: kota, siemenkota
  3. spindle (rod which turns, or on which something turns, e.g. of a door or window handle)
    1. (machining) spindle (rotary axis of a machine tool or power tool)
    2. (automotive) spindle (of a wheel)
  4. pin (a piece of wood, partly inserted inside the wall, that supports the frame of a window or door)
  5. (weaving) core of a pirn (in a weaving shuttle)
  6. valve stem
  7. (manufacturing) core (iportion of a mold that creates a cavity or impression within the part or that makes a hole in or through the part)
Declension
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Inflection of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kara karat
genitive karan karojen
partitive karaa karoja
illative karaan karoihin
singular plural
nominative kara karat
accusative nom. kara karat
gen. karan
genitive karan karojen
karain rare
partitive karaa karoja
inessive karassa karoissa
elative karasta karoista
illative karaan karoihin
adessive karalla karoilla
ablative karalta karoilta
allative karalle karoille
essive karana karoina
translative karaksi karoiksi
abessive karatta karoitta
instructive karoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative karani karani
accusative nom. karani karani
gen. karani
genitive karani karojeni
karaini rare
partitive karaani karojani
inessive karassani karoissani
elative karastani karoistani
illative karaani karoihini
adessive karallani karoillani
ablative karaltani karoiltani
allative karalleni karoilleni
essive karanani karoinani
translative karakseni karoikseni
abessive karattani karoittani
instructive
comitative karoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative karasi karasi
accusative nom. karasi karasi
gen. karasi
genitive karasi karojesi
karaisi rare
partitive karaasi karojasi
inessive karassasi karoissasi
elative karastasi karoistasi
illative karaasi karoihisi
adessive karallasi karoillasi
ablative karaltasi karoiltasi
allative karallesi karoillesi
essive karanasi karoinasi
translative karaksesi karoiksesi
abessive karattasi karoittasi
instructive
comitative karoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative karamme karamme
accusative nom. karamme karamme
gen. karamme
genitive karamme karojemme
karaimme rare
partitive karaamme karojamme
inessive karassamme karoissamme
elative karastamme karoistamme
illative karaamme karoihimme
adessive karallamme karoillamme
ablative karaltamme karoiltamme
allative karallemme karoillemme
essive karanamme karoinamme
translative karaksemme karoiksemme
abessive karattamme karoittamme
instructive
comitative karoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative karanne karanne
accusative nom. karanne karanne
gen. karanne
genitive karanne karojenne
karainne rare
partitive karaanne karojanne
inessive karassanne karoissanne
elative karastanne karoistanne
illative karaanne karoihinne
adessive karallanne karoillanne
ablative karaltanne karoiltanne
allative karallenne karoillenne
essive karananne karoinanne
translative karaksenne karoiksenne
abessive karattanne karoittanne
instructive
comitative karoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative karansa karansa
accusative nom. karansa karansa
gen. karansa
genitive karansa karojensa
karainsa rare
partitive karaansa karojaan
karojansa
inessive karassaan
karassansa
karoissaan
karoissansa
elative karastaan
karastansa
karoistaan
karoistansa
illative karaansa karoihinsa
adessive karallaan
karallansa
karoillaan
karoillansa
ablative karaltaan
karaltansa
karoiltaan
karoiltansa
allative karalleen
karallensa
karoilleen
karoillensa
essive karanaan
karanansa
karoinaan
karoinansa
translative karakseen
karaksensa
karoikseen
karoiksensa
abessive karattaan
karattansa
karoittaan
karoittansa
instructive
comitative karoineen
karoinensa
Derived terms
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compounds

Further reading

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Etymology 2

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Onomatopoeic.

Noun

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kara

  1. Synonym of koskikara (bird of the genus Cinclus)
Declension
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Inflection of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kara karat
genitive karan karojen
partitive karaa karoja
illative karaan karoihin
singular plural
nominative kara karat
accusative nom. kara karat
gen. karan
genitive karan karojen
karain rare
partitive karaa karoja
inessive karassa karoissa
elative karasta karoista
illative karaan karoihin
adessive karalla karoilla
ablative karalta karoilta
allative karalle karoille
essive karana karoina
translative karaksi karoiksi
abessive karatta karoitta
instructive karoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative karani karani
accusative nom. karani karani
gen. karani
genitive karani karojeni
karaini rare
partitive karaani karojani
inessive karassani karoissani
elative karastani karoistani
illative karaani karoihini
adessive karallani karoillani
ablative karaltani karoiltani
allative karalleni karoilleni
essive karanani karoinani
translative karakseni karoikseni
abessive karattani karoittani
instructive
comitative karoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative karasi karasi
accusative nom. karasi karasi
gen. karasi
genitive karasi karojesi
karaisi rare
partitive karaasi karojasi
inessive karassasi karoissasi
elative karastasi karoistasi
illative karaasi karoihisi
adessive karallasi karoillasi
ablative karaltasi karoiltasi
allative karallesi karoillesi
essive karanasi karoinasi
translative karaksesi karoiksesi
abessive karattasi karoittasi
instructive
comitative karoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative karamme karamme
accusative nom. karamme karamme
gen. karamme
genitive karamme karojemme
karaimme rare
partitive karaamme karojamme
inessive karassamme karoissamme
elative karastamme karoistamme
illative karaamme karoihimme
adessive karallamme karoillamme
ablative karaltamme karoiltamme
allative karallemme karoillemme
essive karanamme karoinamme
translative karaksemme karoiksemme
abessive karattamme karoittamme
instructive
comitative karoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative karanne karanne
accusative nom. karanne karanne
gen. karanne
genitive karanne karojenne
karainne rare
partitive karaanne karojanne
inessive karassanne karoissanne
elative karastanne karoistanne
illative karaanne karoihinne
adessive karallanne karoillanne
ablative karaltanne karoiltanne
allative karallenne karoillenne
essive karananne karoinanne
translative karaksenne karoiksenne
abessive karattanne karoittanne
instructive
comitative karoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative karansa karansa
accusative nom. karansa karansa
gen. karansa
genitive karansa karojensa
karainsa rare
partitive karaansa karojaan
karojansa
inessive karassaan
karassansa
karoissaan
karoissansa
elative karastaan
karastansa
karoistaan
karoistansa
illative karaansa karoihinsa
adessive karallaan
karallansa
karoillaan
karoillansa
ablative karaltaan
karaltansa
karoiltaan
karoiltansa
allative karalleen
karallensa
karoilleen
karoillensa
essive karanaan
karanansa
karoinaan
karoinansa
translative karakseen
karaksensa
karoikseen
karoiksensa
abessive karattaan
karattansa
karoittaan
karoittansa
instructive
comitative karoineen
karoinensa
Derived terms
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compounds

Etymology 3

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Clipping of karamboli.

Noun

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kara

  1. carom billiards, carambole
Declension
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Inflection of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kara karat
genitive karan karojen
partitive karaa karoja
illative karaan karoihin
singular plural
nominative kara karat
accusative nom. kara karat
gen. karan
genitive karan karojen
karain rare
partitive karaa karoja
inessive karassa karoissa
elative karasta karoista
illative karaan karoihin
adessive karalla karoilla
ablative karalta karoilta
allative karalle karoille
essive karana karoina
translative karaksi karoiksi
abessive karatta karoitta
instructive karoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kara (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative karani karani
accusative nom. karani karani
gen. karani
genitive karani karojeni
karaini rare
partitive karaani karojani
inessive karassani karoissani
elative karastani karoistani
illative karaani karoihini
adessive karallani karoillani
ablative karaltani karoiltani
allative karalleni karoilleni
essive karanani karoinani
translative karakseni karoikseni
abessive karattani karoittani
instructive
comitative karoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative karasi karasi
accusative nom. karasi karasi
gen. karasi
genitive karasi karojesi
karaisi rare
partitive karaasi karojasi
inessive karassasi karoissasi
elative karastasi karoistasi
illative karaasi karoihisi
adessive karallasi karoillasi
ablative karaltasi karoiltasi
allative karallesi karoillesi
essive karanasi karoinasi
translative karaksesi karoiksesi
abessive karattasi karoittasi
instructive
comitative karoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative karamme karamme
accusative nom. karamme karamme
gen. karamme
genitive karamme karojemme
karaimme rare
partitive karaamme karojamme
inessive karassamme karoissamme
elative karastamme karoistamme
illative karaamme karoihimme
adessive karallamme karoillamme
ablative karaltamme karoiltamme
allative karallemme karoillemme
essive karanamme karoinamme
translative karaksemme karoiksemme
abessive karattamme karoittamme
instructive
comitative karoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative karanne karanne
accusative nom. karanne karanne
gen. karanne
genitive karanne karojenne
karainne rare
partitive karaanne karojanne
inessive karassanne karoissanne
elative karastanne karoistanne
illative karaanne karoihinne
adessive karallanne karoillanne
ablative karaltanne karoiltanne
allative karallenne karoillenne
essive karananne karoinanne
translative karaksenne karoiksenne
abessive karattanne karoittanne
instructive
comitative karoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative karansa karansa
accusative nom. karansa karansa
gen. karansa
genitive karansa karojensa
karainsa rare
partitive karaansa karojaan
karojansa
inessive karassaan
karassansa
karoissaan
karoissansa
elative karastaan
karastansa
karoistaan
karoistansa
illative karaansa karoihinsa
adessive karallaan
karallansa
karoillaan
karoillansa
ablative karaltaan
karaltansa
karoiltaan
karoiltansa
allative karalleen
karallensa
karoilleen
karoillensa
essive karanaan
karanansa
karoinaan
karoinansa
translative karakseen
karaksensa
karoikseen
karoiksensa
abessive karattaan
karattansa
karoittaan
karoittansa
instructive
comitative karoineen
karoinensa

Anagrams

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Gothic

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Romanization

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kara

  1. Romanization of 𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌰

Hungarian

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Etymology

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From kar +‎ -a (possessive suffix).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈkɒrɒ]
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ra

Noun

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kara

  1. third-person singular single-possession possessive of kar (faculty; ensemble)

Usage notes

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For the possessive of kar in the sense “arm, lever”, see karja.

Declension

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Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kara
accusative karát
dative karának
instrumental karával
causal-final karáért
translative karává
terminative karáig
essive-formal karaként
essive-modal karául
inessive karában
superessive karán
adessive karánál
illative karába
sublative karára
allative karához
elative karából
delative karáról
ablative karától
non-attributive
possessive - singular
karáé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
karáéi

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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kara

  1. dear

Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ka.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ra
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ra

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Javanese ꦏꦫ (kara), from Old Javanese kara.

Noun

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kara (plural kara-kara, first-person possessive karaku, second-person possessive karamu, third-person possessive karanya)

  1. (botany) hyacinth bean, lablab-bean, bonavist bean, bonavist pea, dolichos bean, seim, sem bean, lablab bean, Egyptian kidney bean, Indian bean, bataw, Australian pea; Lablab purpureus.
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Toraja-Sa'dan [Term?]

Noun

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kara (plural kara-kara, first-person possessive karaku, second-person possessive karamu, third-person possessive karanya)

  1. jewelry made from shells, round with a hole in the middle, usually attached to clothes, large shields, or hats worn by war dancers at death feasts

Further reading

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Japanese

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Romanization

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kara

  1. Rōmaji transcription of から

Javanese

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Romanization

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kara

  1. Romanization of ꦏꦫ

Jingpho

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Noun

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kara

  1. hair

Karaim

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Adjective

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kara

  1. black

References

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Karao

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Noun

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kara

  1. purpose; motive; intention

Kashubian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈkara/
  • Rhymes: -ara
  • Syllabification: ka‧ra

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kara.

Noun

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kara f

  1. punishment; penalty, fine (negative result of something bad that was done)
    Synonym: sztrôfa
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Polish kara (cart).

Noun

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kara f

  1. wheelbarrow
Declension
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Further reading

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  • Bernard Sychta (1967–1973) “I-II kara”, in Słownik gwar kaszubskich, volume 2, page 135
  • Jan Trepczyk (1994) “kara”, in Słownik polsko-kaszubski (in Kashubian), volumes 1–2
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “kara”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[2]
  • kara”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Khalaj

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Perso-Arabic کَره

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Persian کره (kare).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kara (definite accusative karañ, plural karalar)

  1. butter

Declension

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References

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  • Doerfer, Gerhard (1980) Wörterbuch des Chaladsch (Dialekt von Charrab) [Khalaj dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó

Latvian

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Noun

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kara m

  1. genitive singular of karš

Lower Sorbian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle High German karre, ultimately from Latin carrus, from Gaulish *karros, from Proto-Celtic *karros (wagon).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kara f inan (diminutive karka)

  1. cart, wagon

Declension

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References

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Mapudungun

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Noun

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kara (Raguileo spelling)

  1. town, city
    Synonym: waria

References

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  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Masurian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈkara]
  • Syllabification: ka‧ra

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kara.

Noun

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kara f

  1. punishment; penalty, fine (negative result of something bad that was done) [+ za (accusative) = for what]

Etymology 2

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Inherited from Old Polish kara.

Noun

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kara f

  1. wheelbarrow

Further reading

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  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2024) “I-II kara”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur[3], volume 3, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, page 141

Nias

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Noun

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kara (mutated form gara)

  1. stone

Norwegian Bokmål

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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kara n

  1. definite plural of kar

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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kara m

  1. (non-standard since 1983) definite plural of kar

Norwegian Nynorsk

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Noun

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kara n

  1. definite plural of kar

Nupe

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Etymology 1

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Kàrà

From Yoruba àkàrà.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kàrà

  1. akara

Etymology 2

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Kara

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kara (plural karazhì)

  1. crab

Etymology 3

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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kàrà

  1. load; luggage; cargo
  2. burden

Etymology 4

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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kárà (plural káràzhì)

  1. wall surrounding a compound (that does not connect to the houses)

See also

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  • sókùn (compound wall built from one house to another)

Old Javanese

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Sanskrit कर (kara, finger), कृ (kṛ, to make).

Noun

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kara

  1. hand
  2. finger
  3. ray of light, beam
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • > Javanese: ꦏꦫ (kara) (inherited)
  • Balinese: ᬓᬭ (kara)

Etymology 2

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Suffix

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kara

  1. Alternative spelling of kāra (making, doing)

Etymology 3

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Unknown, probably borrowed from Sanskrit खर (khara, thorny plant). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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kara

  1. (botany) hyacinth bean, lablab-bean, bonavist bean, bonavist pea, dolichos bean, seim, sem bean, lablab bean, Egyptian kidney bean, Indian bean, bataw, Australian pea; Lablab purpureus.
Descendants
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Etymology 4

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Noun

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kara

  1. Alternative spelling of khara

Etymology 5

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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kara

  1. animals that may not be eaten
  2. crow

Further reading

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  • "kara" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

Old Polish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle High German karre. First attested in 1471.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /kara/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /kara/

Noun

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kara f

  1. (attested in Greater Poland) light cart with one or two wheels
    Synonym: jednokole
    • 1908 [c. 1500], Bolesław Erzepki, editor, Przyczynki do średniowiecznego słownictwa polskiego. I. Glosy polskie wpisane do łacińsko-niemieckiego słownika drukowanego w roku 1490[4], Lubiń, page 27:
      Karrą albo yednokolye biga, ein karre, carruca idem est
      [Kara albo jednokole biga, ein karre, carruca idem est]
    • 1901 [1471], Materiały i Prace Komisji Językowej Akademii Umiejętności w Krakowie, volume V, page 46:
      Dwogye kary aut gyednokole duorum burdonum
      [Dwoje kary aut jednokole duorum burdonum]
    • c. 1500, Wokabularz lubiński, inkunabuł Archiwum Archidiecezjalnego w Gnieźnie, sygn. Inc. 78d., page 19r:
      Biga ein karre carruca idem est karrą albo yednokolye vel liber
      [Biga ein karre carruca idem est kara albo jednokole vel liber]

Descendants

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  • Masurian: kara (wheelbarrow)
  • Polish: kara (cart)
    • Kashubian: kara (wheelbarrow)
    • Ukrainian: ґара (gara)
    • Slovincian: kara
  • Silesian: kara (wheelbarrow)

References

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Old Saxon

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *karu. Cognate with Old English caru, Old High German chara (grief), Old Norse kǫr (sickbed), Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐍂𐌰 (kara).

Noun

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kara f

  1. grief, sorrow
  2. anxiety

Declension

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This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Oroqen

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Adjective

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kara

  1. dark

References

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  • Whaley, Lindsay & Li, Fengxiang. (1998). The Suffix -Kan in Oroqen. Studies in Language. 22. 447-471. 10.1075/sl.22.2.06wha.

Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kara.[1][2] First attested in 1564.[3]

Noun

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kara f

  1. punishment; penalty, fine (negative result of something bad that was done) [+ za (accusative) = for what]
Declension
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Derived terms
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nouns
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adjective
adverb
noun
verbs

Etymology 2

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Inherited from Old Polish kara.

Noun

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kara f

  1. (obsolete) cart with two wheels and a box on top for carrying things
Declension
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Descendants
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  • Kashubian: kara (wheelbarrow)
  • Ukrainian: ґара (gara)
  • Slovincian: kara

Etymology 3

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Borrowed from French carré.[4] First attested in the middle of the 19th century.[5]

Noun

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kara f

  1. (geometry, rare) quadrangle
    Synonyms: czworobok, czworokąt
Declension
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Etymology 4

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

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kara

  1. inflection of karo:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural

Etymology 5

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective

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kara

  1. feminine nominative/vocative singular of kary

References

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  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005) “kara”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Mańczak, Witold (2017) “kara”, in Polski słownik etymologiczny (in Polish), Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiejętności, →ISBN
  3. ^ Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “1, kara”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  4. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “kara”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN
  5. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “kara 3”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)

Further reading

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  • kara in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • kara in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “kara”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • KARA”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], (Can we date this quote?)
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “kara”, in Słownik języka polskiego[5]
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “kara”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[6]
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1902), “kara”, in Słownik języka polskiego[7] (in Polish), volume 2, Warsaw, page 254
  • Wanda Decyk-Zięba, editor (2018-2022), “kara”, in Dydaktyczny Słownik Etymologiczno-historyczny Języka Polskiego [A Didactic, Historical, Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), →ISBN
  • Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000) “kara 1”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)

Rapa Nui

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Noun

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kara

  1. wing

Serbo-Croatian

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Verb

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kara (Cyrillic spelling кара)

  1. third-person singular present of karati

Silesian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈkara/
  • Rhymes: -ara
  • Syllabification: ka‧ra

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kara.

Noun

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kara f

  1. punishment
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Old Polish kara.

Noun

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kara f

  1. wheelbarrow
    Synonyms: targŏcz, tragŏcz
Declension
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Further reading

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  • kara in dykcjonorz.eu
  • kara in silling.org
  • Bogdan Kallus (2020) “kara/kary”, in Słownik Gōrnoślōnskij Gŏdki, IV edition, Chorzów: Pro Loquela Silesiana, →ISBN, page 320
  • Henryk Jaroszewicz (2022) “kara”, in Zasady pisowni języka śląskiego (in Polish), Siedlce: Wydawnictwo Naukowe IKR[i]BL, page 86
  • Aleksandra Wencel (2023) “kara”, in Dykcjůnôrz ślų̊sko-polski[8], page 301

Turkish

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Etymology

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Inherited from Ottoman Turkish قره (kara), from Proto-Turkic *kara (dark, black).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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kara

  1. black, dark
    Synonym: siyah
    Antonyms: ak, beyaz
    kara büyüblack magic
  2. brunette
  3. dark skinned
  4. (figuratively) evil, wicked, villainous
  5. (figuratively, archaic) courageous

Declension

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Descendants

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Noun

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kara (definite accusative karayı, plural karalar)

  1. black
    Synonym: siyah
    Antonym: ak
  2. land, field
    Antonym: deniz
    kara göründü!land ahoy!
    kara, deniz ve hava kuvvetleriland, sea, and air forces
  3. (archaic) north

Declension

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Inflection
Nominative kara
Definite accusative karayı
Singular Plural
Nominative kara karalar
Definite accusative karayı karaları
Dative karaya karalara
Locative karada karalarda
Ablative karadan karalardan
Genitive karanın karaların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular karam karalarım
2nd singular karan karaların
3rd singular karası karaları
1st plural karamız karalarımız
2nd plural karanız karalarınız
3rd plural karaları karaları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular karamı karalarımı
2nd singular karanı karalarını
3rd singular karasını karalarını
1st plural karamızı karalarımızı
2nd plural karanızı karalarınızı
3rd plural karalarını karalarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular karama karalarıma
2nd singular karana karalarına
3rd singular karasına karalarına
1st plural karamıza karalarımıza
2nd plural karanıza karalarınıza
3rd plural karalarına karalarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular karamda karalarımda
2nd singular karanda karalarında
3rd singular karasında karalarında
1st plural karamızda karalarımızda
2nd plural karanızda karalarınızda
3rd plural karalarında karalarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular karamdan karalarımdan
2nd singular karandan karalarından
3rd singular karasından karalarından
1st plural karamızdan karalarımızdan
2nd plural karanızdan karalarınızdan
3rd plural karalarından karalarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular karamın karalarımın
2nd singular karanın karalarının
3rd singular karasının karalarının
1st plural karamızın karalarımızın
2nd plural karanızın karalarınızın
3rd plural karalarının karalarının

Coordinate terms

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  • (compass points)
kuzeybatı kuzey
şimal
kara
kuzeydoğu
batı
garp
ak
  doğu
şark
gök
güneybatı güney
cenup
kızıl
güneydoğu


See also

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Colors in Turkish · renkler (layout · text)
     beyaz, ak      gri, boz      siyah, kara
             kırmızı, kızıl; al              turuncu; kahverengi, konur, boz              sarı; bej
             limon çürüğü              yeşil              nane yeşili
             camgöbeği; turkuaz              gök, mavi              lacivert
             eflatun; mor              pembe; mor              yavruağzı

Veps

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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kara

  1. bay, inlet

Inflection

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Inflection of kara (inflection type 5/sana)
nominative sing. kara
genitive sing. karan
partitive sing. karad
partitive plur. karoid
singular plural
nominative kara karad
accusative karan karad
genitive karan karoiden
partitive karad karoid
essive-instructive karan karoin
translative karaks karoikš
inessive karas karoiš
elative karaspäi karoišpäi
illative karaha karoihe
adessive karal karoil
ablative karalpäi karoilpäi
allative karale karoile
abessive karata karoita
comitative karanke karoidenke
prolative karadme karoidme
approximative I karanno karoidenno
approximative II karannoks karoidennoks
egressive karannopäi karoidennopäi
terminative I karahasai karoihesai
terminative II karalesai karoilesai
terminative III karassai
additive I karahapäi karoihepäi
additive II karalepäi karoilepäi

References

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  • Zajceva, N. G., Mullonen, M. I. (2007) “бухта”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary]‎[9], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Wanyi

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Noun

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kara

  1. country
  2. stone

References

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  • Mary Laughren, Rob Pensalfini, Tom Mylne, Accounting for verb-initial order in an Australian language, in Verb First: On the syntax of verb-initial languages (2005)