у U+0443, у
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
т
[U+0442]
Cyrillic ф
[U+0444]

Translingual

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Letter

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у (upper case У)

  1. A letter of the Cyrillic script, called u.
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Abaza

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The forty-seventh letter of the Abaza alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Abkhaz

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The forty-first letter of the Abkhaz alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Adyghe

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Letter

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у (wu) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The forty-first letter of the Adyghe alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Aghul

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Aghul alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Alutor

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Letter

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у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Alutor alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Archi

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The sixty-seventh letter of the Archi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Avar

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Avar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Azerbaijani

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Letter

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у (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Bashkir

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Pronunciation

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  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /o/
  • (in Russian and Arabic borrowings) IPA(key): /u/

Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Bashkir alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Belarusian

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Belarusian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Etymology 2

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From Old Belarusian въ (v), from Old East Slavic въ (), from Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Pronunciation

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Preposition

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у (u)

  1. in (+ locative case)
  2. to, into (+ accusative case)
Usage notes
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  • The forms у (u) (used after consonants or at the beginning of a clause) and ў (ŭ) (used after vowels) differ in pronunciation but are considered variants of the same word.
Alternative forms
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  • ў (ŭ) (after vowels)
  • ва (va) (when the next word starts in ў; also before мне)
  • ува (uva) (before мне, ўсіх, ўсім; according to the Taraškievica standard, may be used before any word starting with ў and is mandatory before мне, ўсё, ўсіх, ўсім, ўсенькім)
  • ўва (ŭva) (according to the Taraškievica standard, is used after vowels before мне, ўсё, ўсіх, ўсім, ўсенькім)

Etymology 3

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From Old Belarusian у (u), from Old East Slavic у (u), from Proto-Slavic *u.

Preposition

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у (u)

  1. at, by, near, in the possession of (+ genitive case)
Usage notes
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  • The forms у (u) (used after consonants or at the beginning of a clause) and ў (ŭ) (used after vowels) differ in pronunciation but are considered variants of the same word.

Bulgarian

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Bulgarian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *u.

Pronunciation

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Preposition

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у (u)

  1. at (someone)'s place
    у нас
    u nas
    at our place
    у дома́
    u domá
    at home
  2. to (someone)'s place
  3. with (someone), in (someone's) possession
    У кого́ е кни́гата?
    U kogó e knígata?
    Who has the book?
    (literally, “In whose possession is the book?”)
  4. among (people/animals) (in reference to a quality)
    това́ ка́чество се нами́ра у ня́кои хо́ра
    tová káčestvo se namíra u njákoi hóra
    this quality is found among some people
    създа́вам впечатле́ние у ня́кого
    sǎzdávam vpečatlénie u njákogo
    to make an impression on someone

Etymology 3

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Pronunciation

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Interjection

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у (u)

  1. wow!
  2. ugh, yuck

Anagrams

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Buryat

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Buryat alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Chechen

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Etymology 1

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Chechen alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Proto-Nakh *u.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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у (uclass dd

  1. board

References

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Chukchi

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Letter

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у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Chukchi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Chuvash

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Chuvash alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Crimean Tatar

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Letter

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у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Crimean Tatar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Dargwa

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Dargwa alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Dungan

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Dungan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Eastern Mari

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Uralic *wuďe. Cognates include Finnish uusi, Estonian uus, Northern Sami ođas, and Hungarian új.

Adjective

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у (u) (comparative урак, superlative эн у)

  1. new
  2. new, modern, contemporary
  3. fresh, recent
  4. little-known, new
  5. novelty, newness
Antonyms
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Derived terms
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nouns

Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Eastern Mari alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Russian у (u).

Interjection

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у (u)

  1. oh!
    у, чылт ӧрмаш
    u, čylt örmaš
    oh, what a surprise

References

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  • J. Bradley et al. (2023) “у”, in The Mari Web Project: Mari-English Dictionary, University of Vienna

Even

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Even alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Evenki

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Evenki alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Ingush

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Etymology 1

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Ingush alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Proto-Nakh *u.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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у (uclass dd (plural уй)

  1. (obsolete) board
    Synonym: (former diminutive) улг (ulg)

References

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  • Malʹsagov, Zaurbek K. (1963) Грамматика ингушского языка [Grammar of the Ingush language]‎[1] (in Russian), 2nd edition, Grozny: Chechen-Ingush book publishing house, page 135

Itelmen

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Letter

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у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Itelmen alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Kabardian

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Letter

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у (wu) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The thirty-ninth letter of the Kabardian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Kalmyk

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Kalmyk alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Kazakh

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Alternative scripts
Arabic ۋ
Cyrillic у
Latin u

Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/ (consonantal)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʉw/ (front)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /uw/ (back)

Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Kazakh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Turkic *āgu (poison).

Cognate with Old Uyghur [script needed] (ağu, poison); Bashkir ағыу (ağıw), Tatar агу (ağu), Uzbek og'i, Turkish ağı, Turkmen awy (poison, toxin).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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у (u)

  1. poison
Declension
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Derived terms
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Khakas

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Khakas alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Kumyk

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Kumyk alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Kyrgyz

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

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Lezgi

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Lezgi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Macedonian

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /u/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [u]
  • Audio:(file)

Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Macedonian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Slavic *u.

Pronunciation

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Preposition

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у (u)

  1. (dialectal) at, by, near
    у до́маu dómaat home
    у ме́не сè е до́бро.u méne sè e dóbro.I'm fine. (literally, “Everything's fine with me.”)
    у на́сu násat our place
  2. (dialectal) in the possession of (used to express "to have")
    У те́бе и́ма мо́лив?U tébe íma móliv?Do you have a pencil?
    У ме́не не́ма мо́лив.U méne néma móliv.I don’t have a pencil.

Etymology 3

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From Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Pronunciation

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Preposition

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у (u)

  1. (dialectal) in
    О́дам у поне́делник.Ódam u ponédelnik.I'm going in Monday.

Etymology 4

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Pronunciation

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Interjection

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у (u)

  1. wow!
    У!U!Wow!
  2. ugh, yuck, ew
    У, шо?U, šo?Ew, what?

References

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  • у” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu

Mongolian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Russian у (u).

Pronunciation

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Mongolian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Noun

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у (u)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter У / у.

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Nivkh

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Nivkh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Northern Mansi

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Northern Mansi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Old East Slavic

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Slavic *u. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic оу (u) and Old Polish u.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: у

Preposition

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у (u) (+ genitive)

  1. at, by
  2. away from
  3. in the possession of
Descendants
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  • Old Ruthenian: у (u)
    • Belarusian: у (u)
    • Carpathian Rusyn: у (u)
    • Ukrainian: у (u)
  • Russian: у (u)

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Slavic *(j)u.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈu//ˈu//ˈu/
  • Hyphenation: у

Adverb

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у (u)

  1. yet

Etymology 3

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈu//ˈu//ˈu/
  • Hyphenation: у

Interjection

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у (u)

  1. alas!

Etymology 4

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: у

Preposition

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у (u)

  1. Alternative form of въ (, inside) [with locative]
  2. Alternative form of въ (, into) [with accusative]

References

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  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1912) “”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[2] (in Russian), volumes 3 (Р – Ꙗ и дополненія), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 1107

Orok

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Letter

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у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Orok alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Ossetian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Ossetian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Romanian

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Moldovan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Russian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Russian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Noun

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у (un inan (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter У.
  2. The name of the Latin-script letter U/[[{{{4}}}#Russian|{{{4}}}]].

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Etymology 2

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Noun

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у (um inan (indeclinable)

  1. Wu (language)

Etymology 3

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Inherited from Old East Slavic у (u), from Proto-Slavic *u.

Preposition

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у (u) [with genitive]

  1. at, by, near
    сиде́ть у окна́sidétʹ u oknáto sit by the window
    жить у мо́ряžitʹ u mórjato live by the sea
    Оте́ц у сы́на.Otéc u sýna.The father is at his son’s (house).
    Ско́лько у тебя́ вре́мени?Skólʹko u tebjá vrémeni?What's the time for you?
    У меня́ всё хорошо́.U menjá vsjo xorošó.I'm fine. (literally, “Everything's fine with me.”)
    У нас всё получи́лось.U nas vsjo polučílosʹ.We managed to do it. (literally, “Everything worked out for us.”)
  2. in the possession of (used to express "to have")
    У вас есть каранда́ш?U vas jestʹ karandáš?Do you have a pencil?
    У меня́ нет карандаша́.U menjá net karandašá.I don’t have a pencil.
  3. belonging to (used to denote ownership of body parts or appendages of objects)
    но́жка у сту́лаnóžka u stúlachair leg
    У меня́ боли́т живо́т.U menjá bolít živót.My stomach hurts.
    У вас в голове́ не укла́дывается.U vas v golové ne ukládyvajetsja.It's not getting into your head.
  4. from, of (in some constructions)
    узна́ть у друзе́йuznátʹ u druzéjto learn from friends
    попроси́ть у кого́-либо проще́нияpoprosítʹ u kovó-libo proščénijato ask forgiveness of someone
    укра́сть у кого́-либоukrástʹ u kovó-liboto steal from someone

Serbo-Croatian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Letter

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у (lower case, upper case У, Latin spelling u)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Serbo-Croatian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Preposition

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у (Latin spelling u)

  1. in, at (without change of position, answering the question гдје̏/где̏) [with locative]
    бити у школиto be in school
    у ц(иј)елом друштвуin the whole society
  2. to, into (with change of position, answering the question ку̀да) [with accusative]
    ићи у школуto go to school
    путовати у Америкуto travel to America
  3. on, in, at, during (in expressions concerning time) [with accusative]
    у поднеat noon
    у ср(иј)едуon Wednesday
    у зоруat dawn
    У колико сати?At what time?
  4. in, during (in expressions concerning time) [with locative]
    у једном дануin one day
    у младостиduring one's youth

Etymology 3

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From Proto-Slavic *u.

Preposition

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у (Latin spelling u)

  1. chez [with genitive]

Southern Altai

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Southern Altai alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Tabasaran

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Tabasaran alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Tajik

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Tajik alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Tatar

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Tatar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Tundra Nenets

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Tundra Nenets alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Tuvan

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Tuvan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Udmurt

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Udmurt alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Ukrainian

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Ukrainian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Old East Slavic въ (), from Proto-Slavic *vъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥, zero-grade form of *h₁én.

Preposition

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у (u)

  1. in, at [with locative] (position)
  2. in, into, to [with accusative] (movement to reach a place and go inside it)
Alternative forms
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  • в (used before vowels)

Etymology 3

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Inherited from Old East Slavic у (u), from Proto-Slavic *u.

Preposition

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у (u)

  1. at, by, near, in the possession of [with genitive]

Uzbek

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Uzbek alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Western Mari

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Western Mari alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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Yakut

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Letter

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у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Yakut alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also

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