See also: ѥстъ and -есть

Contents

RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *(j)ěsti, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed- (to eat).

VerbEdit

есть (jestʹimpf (perfective съесть or пое́сть)

  1. to eat
    есть поедо́м‎ ― jestʹ pojedómto make somebody's life a misery by nagging
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

imperfective

perfective

Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *(j)estъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ést.

VerbEdit

есть (jestʹ)

  1. (archaic) third-person singular present indicative imperfective of быть (bytʹ)
  2. am, is, are (modern usage)
  3. there is, there are (modern usage)
    то́ есть‎ ― tó jestʹthat is, in other words, i.e.
  4. have, has

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowing from English yes

InterjectionEdit

есть (jestʹ)

  1. all right
  2. okay, right, roger
  3. (military) yessir!
  4. (nautical) aye-aye!

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “есть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress