Bulgarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Byzantine Greek κούκλα (koúkla), from Latin cucūlla. Doublet of гу́гла (gúgla, hood) and куку́л (kukúl, pointed hat) - direct borrowings from Latin.

Noun edit

ку́кла (kúklaf

  1. doll, puppet
  2. (figurative) manipulated person
    кукла на конци
    kukla na konci
    one who is led by someone else
    (literally, “puppet on strings”)
  3. (colloquial, figurative) cute girl, lolita
  4. (dialectal, figurative) yarn woven into 5 strands, which together look like a human figure
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • кукла”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014, under КУ̀КЛА¹, КУ̀КЛА²
  • кукла”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1986), “кукла¹”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3 (крес¹ – мѝнго¹), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 90
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1986), “кукла²”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3 (крес¹ – мѝнго¹), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 91

Etymology 2 edit

Likely from Proto-Slavic *kukъla, morphologically from кука (kuka, hook) +‎ -ла (-la).

Noun edit

ку́кла (kúklaf

  1. (dialectal) hillock, cusp, rocky mound
    Synonyms: хълм (hǎlm), моги́ла (mogíla)
Declension edit
Related terms edit

References edit

  • кукла”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014, under КУ̀КЛА³
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1986), “кукла⁵”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3 (крес¹ – мѝнго¹), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 92
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1987), “*kukъla”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 13 (*kroměžirъ – *kyžiti), Moscow: Nauka, page 94

Etymology 3 edit

Possibly а feminine form of *kukъlь (loop), cognate with Lithuanian kukulỹs (dumpling). Related to Etymology 2.

Noun edit

ку́кла (kúklaf

  1. (dialectal) snare, loop
    Synonym: бри́мка (brímka)
  2. (dialectal) type of ceremonial braided bread served on Easter day (specifically Вели́кденска ку́кла (Velíkdenska kúkla))
    Synonym: козуна́к (kozunák)
Declension edit
Further reading edit

References edit

  • кукла”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014, under КУ̀КЛА⁴
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1986), “кукла⁴”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3 (крес¹ – мѝнго¹), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 91
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1986), “кукла⁷”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 3 (крес¹ – мѝнго¹), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 92

Macedonian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Byzantine Greek κούκλα (koúkla), from Latin cuculla.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkukɫa]
  • (file)

Noun edit

кукла (kuklaf (relational adjective куклен, diminutive кукличка or кукличе or кукле)

  1. doll, puppet
  2. (colloquial) pretty girl

Declension edit

Russian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old East Slavic кукла (kukla), from Byzantine Greek κούκλα (koúkla), from Latin cuculla.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ку́кла (kúklaf anim or f inan (genitive ку́клы, nominative plural ку́клы, genitive plural ку́кол, relational adjective ку́кольный, diminutive ку́колка)

  1. doll
  2. puppet
  3. (criminal slang) fake money

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Czech: kukla
  • Polish: kukła