скудный

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Constructed as if from скуда́ (skudá, poverty) +‎ -ный (-nyj). Compare Old East Slavic скудъ (skudŭ), Old Church Slavonic скѫдъ (skǫdŭ). From Proto-Slavic *skǫd-; see also pre-first-palatalization *skęd-, whence щади́ть (ščadítʹ, to spare, to have mercy on). Cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬗𐬀𐬥𐬛𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬌𐬥𐬙𐬌(scandaiieinti, they destroy), 𐬯𐬐𐬆𐬥𐬛𐬀(skənda, broken; illness), Latin scandula (shingles) (also scindula).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈskudnɨj]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

ску́дный (skúdnyj) (comparative (по)скудне́е or (по)скудне́й)

  1. scant, scanty, meagre (+ instrumental, in something)
    ску́дные запа́сы воды́skúdnyje zapásy vodýscant water supply
    ску́дный дохо́дskúdnyj doxódslender/meagre income
    ску́дные сведе́нияskúdnyje svedénijascant information; scanty reports
    ску́дный слова́рный запа́сskúdnyj slovárnyj zapásscant vocabulary
    ску́дный умskúdnyj umfeeble mind
  2. poor, pathetic, wretched
  3. poor, infertile
    ску́дная по́чваskúdnaja póčvapoor soil

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