почва

BulgarianEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

VerbEdit

по́чва (póčva)

  1. third-person singular present indicative of по́чвам (póčvam)

Pronunciation 2Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɔtʃvə/, /potʃˈva/

VerbEdit

по́чва or почва́ (póčva or počvá)

  1. second-person singular aorist indicative of по́чвам (póčvam)
  2. third-person singular aorist indicative of по́чвам (póčvam)

MacedonianEdit

NounEdit

почва (počvaf

  1. soil, ground

InflectionEdit


RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old East Slavic подъшьва (podŭšĭva, sole (bottom); foundation), ultimately from Proto-Slavic *šiti (to sew). Doublet of подо́шва (podóšva, sole, (mountain) foot)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈpot͡ɕvə]
  • (file)

NounEdit

по́чва (póčvaf inan (genitive по́чвы, nominative plural по́чвы, genitive plural почв)

  1. earth, soil, ground (mixture of sand and organic material)
  2. basis, base, ground

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “почва”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “почва”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 62
  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1902), “подъшьва”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 2, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 302