Inherited from Classical Mongolian ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ (kitad, “the Chinese; a Chinese”), which had been semantically collectivised (and further singulated, for the sense of person) from Middle Mongol 乞塔惕 (kitad, “the Khitans”), in plural suffix -d.
хятад • (xjatad)
- (attributively) Chinese, ethnic Han
- a Chinese, an ethnic Han (person)
- хятадууд ― xjataduud ― the Chinese (in the plural)
Related terms edit
- хятан (xjatan, “Khitans; Khitan”)