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ArmenianEdit

 
գայլ

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian գայլ (gayl). The inherited form is գել (gel).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Eastern Armenian, standard) IPA(key): [ɡɑjl]
  • (file)

NounEdit

գայլ (gayl)

  1. wolf

DeclensionEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Traditionally derived from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos (wolf)[1][2], but there are great phonetic problems.

Therefore others prefer derivation from Proto-Indo-European *waylos (howler, wolf), which replaced the usual Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos (wolf) due to taboo.[3]

Georgian მგელი (mgeli), Laz მგერი (mgeri) and Mingrelian გერი (geri) are probably borrowed from Armenian.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

գայլ (gayl)

  1. wolf
    գայլ մատակgayl matakshe-wolf
    կորիւն գայլոյkoriwn gayloywolf's cub
    ցնկնիլ գայլոյcʿnknil gayloywhelping
    ոռնալ գայլոյoṙnal gayloyhowling
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Armenian: գայլ (gayl)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 42–43
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “գայլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 196

Further readingEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գայլ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գայլ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Etymology 2Edit

From գայլ (gayl, wolf), a semantic loan from Ancient Greek λύκος (lúkos, wolf; bit for a horse).[1] Compare also Latin lupus (wolf; bit with jagged teeth).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

գայլ (gayl)

  1. muzzle, cover for nose and mouth, bit
    գայլ ի բերան ածել, արկանել, հարկանելgayl i beran acel, arkanel, harkanelto gag
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “գայլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press