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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian կնիք (knikʿ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

կնիք (knikʿ)

  1. seal
    կնիք դնելknikʿ dnelto affix a seal
    ընկերության կնիքənkerutʿyan knikʿcorporate seal
  2. stamp, impression

Usage notesEdit

Colloquially Russian печа́ть (pečátʹ) is often used instead.

DeclensionEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • կնունք (knunkʿ) (post-classical, senses “stamp; stamped image; baptism” only)

EtymologyEdit

From Akkadian [script needed] (kanīku, sealed object: document, bag, bulla, etc.) or 𒁾 (kunukku, seal-cylinder)[1][2][3], perhaps via Hurrian[4] or Iranian[5]. The alternation ī ~ u in the Akkadian words is perhaps preserved in Armenian կնիք (knikʿ) ~ կնունք (knunkʿ), կնուք (knukʿ).[3]

NounEdit

կնիք (knikʿ)

  1. seal; signet
    կնիք հարկանելknikʿ harkanelto affix one's seal to, seal
    լուծանել, պարզել զկնիքlucanel, parzel zknikʿto unseal, to break the seal
    կնիք դրամոյknikʿ dramoydie (embossed device used in stamping coins)
    կնիք տալknikʿ talto seal up, to terminate, to finish
    կնիք բանիցknikʿ banicʿconclusion, end of speech
    կնիք բանիսknikʿ banisafter all, in fine, in short, in a word
    կնիք դնել բանիցknikʿ dnel banicʿto wind up a speech, to conclude a discourse
    կնիք Հօրknikʿ Hōrthe only Begotten Son
    կնիք անմահութեանknikʿ anmahutʿeanthe seal or stamp of immortality
    կնիք անփակknikʿ anpʿakflying seal
    կնիք կուսութեանknikʿ kusutʿeanmaidenhead, hymen
    կնիք ազգատոհմիknikʿ azgatohmicoat of arms, armorial bearings, crest, arms
  2. stamp, impression of a seal
  3. (Christianity) sign of the cross
  4. (Christianity) baptism
    կնիք տալknikʿ talto baptize
    կնիք առնուլknikʿ aṙnulto receive baptism, to be baptized
    առնուլ զոք ի կնքոյaṙnul zokʿ i knkʿoyto stand godfather or godmother to
  5. judgement, sentence

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ de Lagarde, Paul (1877) Armenische Studien (in German), Göttingen: Dieterich, § 1167, page 78
  2. ^ Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, pages 307–308
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “կնիք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 608–609
  4. ^ Diakonoff, Igor M. (1985), “Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], volume 105, issue 4, page 599a of 597–603
  5. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 960

Further readingEdit

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “կնիք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “կնիք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy