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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian կնիք (knikʿ); see it for more.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

կնիք (knikʿ)

  1. seal
    կնիք դնելknikʿ dnelto affix a seal
    ընկերության կնիքənkerutʿyan knikʿcorporate seal
  2. stamp, impression

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

Colloquially Russian печать (pečatʹ) is often used instead.


Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • կնունք (knunkʿ) (dialectal, senses “stamp; stamped image; baptism” only)
  • կնուք (knukʿ) (dialectal, sense “baptism” only)

EtymologyEdit

From Hurrian *kanikki, from Akkadian [script needed] (kanīku, kanikku, sealed object: document, sack bulla, etc.). The dialectal forms կնունք (knunkʿ), կնուք (knukʿ) must be from Akkadian 𒁾 (kunukku, seal-cylinder).

NounEdit

կնիք (knikʿ)

  1. seal; signet; stamp, impression of a seal; signature; mark, figure, sign, character
    կնիք հարկանելknikʿ harkanelto affix one's seal to, seal
    լուծանել, պարզել զկնիքlucanel, parzel zknikʿto unseal, to break the seal
    կնիք դրամոյknikʿ dramoydie, stamp
    կնիք տալknikʿ talto seal up, to terminate, to finish
    կնիք բանիցknikʿ banicʿconclusion, end
    կնիք բանիսknikʿ banisafter all, in fine, in short, in a word
    կնիք դնել բանիցknikʿ dnel banicʿto wind up a speech, to conclude a discourse
    կնիք Հօրknikʿ Hōrthe only Begotten Son
    կնիք անմահութեանknikʿ anmahutʿeanthe seal or stamp of immortality
    կնիք անփակknikʿ anpʿakflying seal
    կնիք կուսութեանknikʿ kusutʿeanmaidenhead, hymen
    կնիք ազգատոհմիknikʿ azgatohmicoat of arms, armorial bearings, crest, arms
  2. proof, witness
  3. confirmation, sentence
  4. (Christianity) sign of the cross
  5. (Christianity) baptism
    կնիք տալknikʿ talto baptize
    կնիք առնուլknikʿ aṙnulto receive baptism, to be baptized
    առնուլ զոք ի կնքոյaṙnul zokʿ i knkʿoyto stand godfather or godmother to
  6. (music) tone, sound

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “կնիք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “կնիք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “կնիք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Diakonoff, Igor M. (1985), “Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], volume 105, issue 4, pages 597–603