Contents

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian կնիք(knikʿ); see it for more.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

կնիք ‎(knikʿ)

  1. seal
    կնիք դնել‎ ― knikʿ dnel ― to affix a seal
    ընկերության կնիք‎ ― ənkerutʿyan knikʿ ― corporate seal
  2. stamp, impression

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

Colloquially Russian печать(pečatʹ) is often used instead.


Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • կնունք(knunkʿ) (dialectal, senses “stamp; stamped image; baptism” only)
  • կնուք(knukʿ) (dialectal, sense “baptism” only)

EtymologyEdit

From Hurrian *kanikki, from Akkadian [script needed](kanīku, kanikku, sealed object: document, sack bulla, etc.). The dialectal forms կնունք(knunkʿ), կնուք(knukʿ) must be from Akkadian 𒁾(kunukku, seal-cylinder).

NounEdit

կնիք ‎(knikʿ)

  1. seal; signet; stamp, impression of a seal; signature; mark, figure, sign, character
    կնիք հարկանել‎ ― knikʿ harkanel ― to affix one's seal to, seal
    լուծանել, պարզել զկնիք‎ ― lucanel, parzel zknikʿ ― to unseal, to break the seal
    կնիք դրամոյ‎ ― knikʿ dramoy ― die, stamp
    կնիք տալ‎ ― knikʿ tal ― to seal up, to terminate, to finish
    կնիք բանից‎ ― knikʿ banicʿ ― conclusion, end
    կնիք բանիս‎ ― knikʿ banis ― after all, in fine, in short, in a word
    կնիք դնել բանից‎ ― knikʿ dnel banicʿ ― to wind up a speech, to conclude a discourse
    կնիք Հօր‎ ― knikʿ Hōr ― the only Begotten Son
    կնիք անմահութեան‎ ― knikʿ anmahutʿean ― the seal or stamp of immortality
    կնիք անփակ‎ ― knikʿ anpʿak ― flying seal
    կնիք կուսութեան‎ ― knikʿ kusutʿean ― maidenhead, hymen
    կնիք ազգատոհմի‎ ― knikʿ azgatohmi ― coat of arms, armorial bearings, crest, arms
  2. proof, witness
  3. confirmation, sentence
  4. (Christianity) sign of the cross
  5. (Christianity) baptism
    կնիք տալ‎ ― knikʿ tal ― to baptize
    կնիք առնուլ‎ ― knikʿ aṙnul ― to receive baptism, to be baptized
    առնուլ զոք ի կնքոյ‎ ― aṙnul zokʿ i knkʿoy ― to stand godfather or godmother to
  6. (music) tone, sound

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “կնիք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “կնիք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “կնիք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Diakonoff, Igor M. (1985), “Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], volume 105, issue 4, pages 597–603