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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Middle French sentence, from Latin sententia (way of thinking, opinion, sentiment), from sentiēns, present participle of sentiō (to feel, think); see sentient, sentience, sense, scent.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛntəns/
    • (General American) IPA(key): [ˈsɛntn̩t͡s], [ˈsɛnʔn̩t͡s]
      • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sen‧tence

NounEdit

sentence (plural sentences)

  1. (dated) The decision or judgement of a jury or court; a verdict. [from 14th c.]
    The court returned a sentence of guilt in the first charge, but innocence in the second.
  2. The judicial order for a punishment to be imposed on a person convicted of a crime. [from 14th c.]
    The judge declared a sentence of death by hanging for the infamous cattle rustler.
  3. A punishment imposed on a person convicted of a crime.
  4. (obsolete) A saying, especially from a great person; a maxim, an apophthegm. [14th-19th c.]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Broome to this entry?)
  5. (grammar) A grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate, even if one or the other is implied, and typically beginning with a capital letter and ending with a full stop. [from 15th c.]
    The children were made to construct sentences consisting of nouns and verbs from the list on the chalkboard.
  6. (logic) A formula with no free variables. [from 20th c.]
  7. (computing theory) Any of the set of strings that can be generated by a given formal grammar. [from 20th c.]
  8. (obsolete) Sense; meaning; significance.
    • 1387–1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales. General Prologue:
      Noght o word spak he moore than was neede,
      And that was seyd in forme and reverence
      And short and quyk and ful of hy sentence ...
    • 1649, John Milton, Eikonoklastes:
      now to the discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of sentence, but that, for the most part, either specious rather than solid, or to his cause nothing pertinent.
    • 1915, T.S. Eliot, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock":
      Full of high sentence, but a bit obtuse ...
  9. (obsolete) One's opinion; manner of thinking. [14th-17th c.]
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book II:
      My sentence is for open war.
  10. (now rare) A pronounced opinion or judgment on a given question. [from 14th c.]
    • Atterbury
      By them [Luther's works] we may pass sentence upon his doctrines.

SynonymsEdit

HypernymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

sentence (third-person singular simple present sentences, present participle sentencing, simple past and past participle sentenced)

  1. To declare a sentence on a convicted person; to doom; to condemn to punishment.
    The judge sentenced the embezzler to ten years in prison, along with a hefty fine.
  2. (obsolete) To decree or announce as a sentence.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  3. (obsolete) To utter sententiously.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Feltham to this entry?)

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

sentence f

  1. sentence (formula with no free variables)
  2. sentence (grammar)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French sentence, from Latin sententia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sentence f (plural sentences)

  1. sentence
  2. verdict
  3. maxim, saying, adage

LatvianEdit

NounEdit

sentence f (5th declension)

  1. aphorism
  2. maxim

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sententia.

NounEdit

sentence f (plural sentences)

  1. sentence (judgement; verdict)
    • 1532, François Rabelais, Pantagruel:
      [] puis retourna s'asseoir et commença pronuncer la sentence comme s'ensuyt :
      [] then went back and sat down and started to give the verdict as follows:
  2. sentence (grammatically complete series of words)
    • 1552, François Rabelais, Le Tiers Livre:
      tant a cause des amphibologies, equivocques, & obscuritez des motz, que de la briefveté des sentences