Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from a Middle Iranian word of the form *šēn, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tḱey-m̥no-, from the root *tḱey- (to cultivate, settle, live). Akin to Avestan 𐬱𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬀𐬥𐬀(šaiiana, place of residence) and Classical Syriac ܫܝܢܐ(šainā), an Iranian borrowing. The Sogdian [script needed] (šyn /šēn/), which is often glossed as “resting place” and adduced as a cognate, in reality means “bed” and is borrowed from Sanskrit शयन (śayana, bed), which is from the unrelated root *ḱey- (to be lying down).

NounEdit

շէն (šēn)

  1. inhabited place; village, hamlet; inhabitation
    ոչ միայն շէնս, այլեւ յանշէնսočʿ miayn šēns, aylew yanšēnsnot only in inhabited but also in desert places
  2. edifice, building

DeclensionEdit

AdjectiveEdit

շէն (šēn)

  1. peopled, inhabited
    եւ որ շէնն մնասցէew or šēnn mnascʿēand that which shall not be destroyed
  2. in good state, prosperous
  3. fertile, fruitful
  4. happy, gay

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: շեն (šen), շենք (šenkʿ)
  • ? Chagatai: شین(šin)
  • ? Old Georgian: შჱნი (šēni), შენი (šeni)

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “շէն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “շէն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Gharib, B. (1995), “շէն”, in Sogdian dictionary: Sogdian–Persian–English, Tehran: Farhangan Publications, page 379b
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 899
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “շէն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy