ArmenianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Armenian պահ (pah).

NounEdit

պահ (pah)

  1. moment, instant
    նա մի պահ կանգ առավna mi pah kang aṙavhe stopped for a moment
  2. time (in general)
  3. guarding, watching, keeping
    պահ մտնելpah mtnelto hide, to cover, to take cover
    պահ տալpah talto give up, to give for keeping
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

InterjectionEdit

պա՜հ (pa!h)

  1. oh! (expression of surprise or disbelief)

Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

The older form is պարհ (parh), a Northwestern Iranian borrowing: compare Middle Persian 𐫛𐫀𐫍𐫡(pʾhr /pāhr/, watch-post), [Book Pahlavi needed] (pʾs /pās/, guard, watch), Persian پاس(pâs, guard, watch). Ultimately from Proto-Iranian *páHθrah, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to guard).

NounEdit

պահ (pah)

  1. watch, guard
  2. hour, moment, time
    • 1612 – 1614, Yakob Tʿoxatʿecʿi :[1]
      Ոհ թէ այն պահն, որ զքեզ տեսնէի,
      Զաջդ տիրաշօշափ ես համբուրէի,
      Ժամ մի դէմ երեսիդ աչօք հայէի,
      Ապա զհոգիս մարմնոյս իմ աւանդէի։
      Oh tʿē ayn pahn, or zkʿez tesnēi,
      Zaǰd tirašōšapʿ es hamburēi,
      Žam mi dēm eresid ačʿōkʿ hayēi,
      Apa zhogis marmnoys im awandēi.
      • Translation by S. Peter Cowe
        O for the moment when I'd see you,
        Kiss your right hand that touched the Lord,
        That for a time I'd gaze upon your face with my eyes,
        Then would I yield up the ghost from my body.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: պահ (pah)

Further readingEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “պահ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “պահ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 900
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “պահ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cowe, S. Peter (2019), “The object of Ałtʿamarʿci’s affections”, in U. Bläsing, J. Dum-Tragut, T.M. van Lint, editors, Armenian, Hittite, and Indo-European Studies: A Commemoration Volume for Jos J.S. Weitenberg (Hebrew University Armenian Studies; 15), Leuven: Peeters, page 61