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Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *քիտրն (*kʿitrn), from Proto-Indo-European *swidren- or *swidron-, from *sweyd- (to sweat).

NounEdit

քիրտն (kʿirtn)

  1. perspiration, sweat
    քիրտն մահուkʿirtn mahudeath sweat, perspiration preceding death
    առատ քիրտնaṙat kʿirtncopious sweat
    կծու քիրտնkcu kʿirtnacrid sweat
    գարշահոտ քիրտնgaršahot kʿirtnfetid sweat
    թթու քիրտնtʿtʿu kʿirtnsour or unpleasant perspiration
    ընդ քիրտն մտանել, հարկանել, ի քրտան լինելənd kʿirtn mtanel, harkanel, i kʿrtan linelto sweat, to perspire, to transpire, to be all in a perspiration
    ի քրտունս համակիլ, ողողիլ յաւիշ քրտանi kʿrtuns hamakil, ołołil yawiš kʿrtanto be all over in a sweat, to be bathed in perspiration
    հարայ ընդ քիրտն ցուրտharay ənd kʿirtn cʿurtI fell into a cold sweat
    քիրտն ցուրտ ընդ անդամսն իջանէրkʿirtn cʿurt ənd andamsn iǰanēra cold sweat ran from all his members
    ընդ քիրտն եւ ընդ ապաժոյժ գալənd kʿirtn ew ənd apažoyž galto sweat blood and water, to make great force, to fatigue oneself to death
  2. (figuratively) toil, hard work, fatigue, labour, hardship
    քրտամբք երեսաց հայթայթել զկեանսkʿrtambkʿ eresacʿ haytʿaytʿel zkeansto earn one's bread or livelihood by the sweat of one's brow

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: քրտինք (kʿrtinkʿ)

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “քիրտն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “քիրտն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քիրտն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 79