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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English toilen, toylen, apparently a conflation of Anglo-Norman toiller (to agitate, stir up, entangle) (compare Old Northern French tooillier, tooullier (to agitate, stir); of unknown origin), and Middle English tilyen, telien, teolien, tolen, tolien, tulien (to till, work, labour), from Old English tilian, telian, teolian, tiolian (to exert oneself, toil, work, make, generate, strive after, try, endeavor, procure, obtain, gain, provide, tend, cherish, cultivate, till, plough, trade, traffic, aim at, aspire to, treat, cure) (compare Middle Dutch tuylen, teulen (to till, work, labour)), from Proto-Germanic *tilōną (to strive, reach for, aim for, hurry). Cognate with Scots tulyie (to quarrel, flite, contend).

An alternate etymology derives Middle English toilen, toylen directly from Middle Dutch tuylen, teulen (to work, labour, till), from tuyl ("agriculture, labour, toil"; > Modern Dutch tuil (toil; work)). Cognate with Old Frisian teula (to labour, toil), teule (labour, work), Dutch tuil (toil, labour). Compare also Dutch telen (to grow; raise; cultivate, till). More at till.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tɔɪl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪl, -ɔɪəl

NounEdit

toil (countable and uncountable, plural toils)

  1. Labour, work, especially of a grueling nature.
    Synonyms: derve, drudgery, swink; see also Thesaurus:drudgery
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows:
      [] he set to work again and made the snow fly in all directions around him. After some further toil his efforts were rewarded, and a very shabby door-mat lay exposed to view.
  2. Trouble, strife.
  3. (usually in the plural) A net or snare; any thread, web, or string spread for taking prey.
    • 1697, Virgil, John Dryden, transl., Georgics:
      Then toils for beasts, and lime for birds, were found.
    • 1823, Mary Shelley, Frankenstein:
      I was like a wild beast that had broken the toils, destroying the objects that obstructed me and ranging through the wood with a stag-like swiftness.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

toil (third-person singular simple present toils, present participle toiling, simple past and past participle toiled)

  1. (intransitive) To labour; work.
  2. (intransitive) To struggle.
  3. (transitive) To work (something); often with out.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Holland
      places well toiled and husbanded
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      [I] toiled out my uncouth passage.
  4. (transitive) To weary through excessive labour.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • toil” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2019.

AnagramsEdit


BasqueEdit

NounEdit

toil

  1. conger eel

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish tol (will, desire).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

toil f (genitive singular tola)

  1. will

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
toil thoil dtoil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish tol (will, desire).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [t̪ɔl], /t̪ʰɔl/

NounEdit

toil f (genitive singular toile, plural toilean)

  1. will, desire, volition, inclination
  2. delight, pleasure

PhrasesEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
toil thoil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit