See also: TOIL

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English toilen, toylen, apparently a conflation of Anglo-Norman toiller (to agitate, stir up, entangle) (compare Old Northern French tooillier, tooullier (to agitate, stir); of unknown origin), and Middle English tilyen, telien, teolien, tolen, tolien, tulien (to till, work, labour), from Old English tilian, telian, teolian, tiolian (to exert oneself, toil, work, make, generate, strive after, try, endeavor, procure, obtain, gain, provide, tend, cherish, cultivate, till, plough, trade, traffic, aim at, aspire to, treat, cure) (compare Middle Dutch tuylen, teulen (to till, work, labour)), from Proto-Germanic *tilōną (to strive, reach for, aim for, hurry). Cognate with Scots tulyie (to quarrel, flite, contend).

An alternate etymology derives Middle English toilen, toylen directly from Middle Dutch tuylen, teulen (to work, labour, till), from tuyl ("agriculture, labour, toil"; > Modern Dutch tuil (toil; work)). Cognate with Old Frisian teula (to labour, toil), teule (labour, work), Dutch tuil (toil, labour). Compare also Dutch telen (to grow; raise; cultivate, till). More at till.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tɔɪl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪl, -ɔɪəl

NounEdit

toil (countable and uncountable, plural toils)

  1. Labour, work, especially of a grueling nature.
    Synonyms: derve, drudgery, swink; see also Thesaurus:drudgery
    • 1908, Kenneth Grahame, The Wind in the Willows:
      [] he set to work again and made the snow fly in all directions around him. After some further toil his efforts were rewarded, and a very shabby door-mat lay exposed to view.
  2. Trouble, strife.
  3. (usually in the plural) A net or snare; any thread, web, or string spread for taking prey.
    • 1697, Virgil, John Dryden, transl., Georgics:
      Then toils for beasts, and lime for birds, were found.
    • 1823, Mary Shelley, Frankenstein:
      I was like a wild beast that had broken the toils, destroying the objects that obstructed me and ranging through the wood with a stag-like swiftness.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

toil (third-person singular simple present toils, present participle toiling, simple past and past participle toiled)

  1. (intransitive) To labour; work.
  2. (intransitive) To struggle.
  3. (transitive) To work (something); often with out.
    • (Can we date this quote by Holland and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      places well toiled and husbanded
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 10”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      [I] toiled out my uncouth passage.
  4. (transitive) To weary through excessive labour.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • toil” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.

AnagramsEdit


BasqueEdit

NounEdit

toil

  1. conger eel

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish tol (will, desire).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

toil f (genitive singular tola)

  1. will

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
toil thoil dtoil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

toil

  1. inflection of tol:
    1. accusative/dative singular
    2. nominative/vocative/accusative dual

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
toil thoil toil
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish tol (will, desire).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

toil f (genitive singular toile, plural toilean)

  1. will, desire, volition, inclination
  2. delight, pleasure

PhrasesEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
toil thoil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • toil” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “tol”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language